Calcite | Level 5

## For loop in PROC OPTMODEL

I am a newbie in sas and trying to write a simplistic version of garch model in proc optmodel, here is the attached code,

proc optmodel;

number n = 8926;

/* var omega init 0.01, alpha init 0.02, beta init 0.92; */

var omega, alpha, beta, mu;

number epsilonsq{1..n}, y{1..n}, llh{1..n}, sigtsq{1..n};

read data ret into [_n_] y; llh[1] = 0;

for{i in 1..n} do; epsilonsq = (y-0.0005)**2; end;

sigtsq[1] = mean(of epsilonsq

• );
• for{j in 2..n} do;

sigtsq = omega + alpha*epsilonsq[j-1] + beta*sigtsq[j-1];  end;

min z = sum{k in 2..n}(0.5*(log(2*3.14156)

+ log(omega + alpha*epsilonsq[k-1] + beta*sigtsq[k-1])

+ epsilonsq/(omega + alpha*epsilonsq[k-1] + beta*sigtsq[k-1])));

omega.lb = 1e-06; alpha.lb = 1e-06; beta.lb = 1e-06;

omega.ub = 1-1e-06; alpha.ub = 1-1e-06; beta.ub = 1-1e-06;

con c: alpha + beta <= 1-1e-06;

solve with nlp / tech=ip; print sigtsq;

quit;

I want sigstq matrix (its defined as an array using the number declaration) to change as the parameters (omega, alpha, beta) changes at every step of optimization. However, it remains constant throughout the optimization.

Please point me in the right direction. Thanks.

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions
SAS Super FREQ

## Re: For loop in PROC OPTMODEL

If you want sigtsq to depend on decision variables, you should declare it as an implicit variable:

impvar sigtsq {j in 1..n} =

(if j = 1 then mean(of epsilonsq

• ) else omega + alpha*epsilonsq[j-
• 1] + beta*sigtsq[j-1]);

See the IMPVAR statement in the PROC OPTMODEL documentation:

SAS/OR(R) 13.2 User's Guide: Mathematical Programming

3 REPLIES 3
SAS Super FREQ

## Re: For loop in PROC OPTMODEL

If you want sigtsq to depend on decision variables, you should declare it as an implicit variable:

impvar sigtsq {j in 1..n} =

(if j = 1 then mean(of epsilonsq

• ) else omega + alpha*epsilonsq[j-
• 1] + beta*sigtsq[j-1]);

See the IMPVAR statement in the PROC OPTMODEL documentation:

SAS/OR(R) 13.2 User's Guide: Mathematical Programming

Calcite | Level 5

## Re: For loop in PROC OPTMODEL

Thanks Rob!

SAS Super FREQ

## Re: For loop in PROC OPTMODEL

Glad to help.  You might also be interested in this book of 29 examples that illustrate various features of PROC OPTMODEL:

SAS/OR(R) 13.2 User's Guide: Mathematical Programming Examples

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