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Sathya3
Obsidian | Level 7

Hi,

I am getting below error when I try to run attached code. There is some issue with data type.How can it be rectified in the case step

 

ERROR: Result of WHEN clause 3 is not the same data type as the preceding results.

data one;
infile datalines missover;
input id specifier $  ;
datalines;
01 class1 
02 123    
03 3456   
04 aaaa   
05 N/A 
06 
;
run;

proc sql;
create table two as select id,
case 
     when specifier is missing then "unspecified"
     when specifier="aaaa" or specifier="N/A" then "12345"
     when length(specifier)=3 then specifier=cats(0,specifier)
     else specifier
     end as specifier_new
from one;
quit;

 

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions
MayurJadhav
Quartz | Level 8

There is a small issue in your query. You have mentioned specifier= after "then" in 3rd CASE-WHEN statement. 

@Sathya3 

Here is the corrected query:

 

data one;
infile datalines missover;
input id specifier $  ;
datalines;
01 class1 
02 123    
03 3456   
04 aaaa   
05 N/A 
06 
;
run;

proc sql;
create table two as select id,
case 
     when specifier is missing then "unspecified"
     when specifier="aaaa" or specifier="N/A" then "12345"
     when length(specifier)=3 then cats(0,specifier)
     else specifier
     end as specifier_new
from one;
quit;
Mayur Jadhav
BI Developer. Writer. Creative Educator.

SAS Blog → https://learnsascode.com
YouTube Channel: → https://www.youtube.com/@imayurj

View solution in original post

2 REPLIES 2
MayurJadhav
Quartz | Level 8

There is a small issue in your query. You have mentioned specifier= after "then" in 3rd CASE-WHEN statement. 

@Sathya3 

Here is the corrected query:

 

data one;
infile datalines missover;
input id specifier $  ;
datalines;
01 class1 
02 123    
03 3456   
04 aaaa   
05 N/A 
06 
;
run;

proc sql;
create table two as select id,
case 
     when specifier is missing then "unspecified"
     when specifier="aaaa" or specifier="N/A" then "12345"
     when length(specifier)=3 then cats(0,specifier)
     else specifier
     end as specifier_new
from one;
quit;
Mayur Jadhav
BI Developer. Writer. Creative Educator.

SAS Blog → https://learnsascode.com
YouTube Channel: → https://www.youtube.com/@imayurj
PaigeMiller
Diamond | Level 26

From now on, please when there are problems in the log, show use the ENTIRE log for this PROC. Do not show us partial logs!

 

WHEN clause 3 is this:

 

     when length(specifier)=3 then specifier=cats(0,specifier)

 

What is the value of the part specifier=cats(0,specifier)??? This is a Boolean comparison, does the variable on the left equal the value of the function on the right? So the value of this Boolean comparison is numeric and has values either 0 or 1 or missing. A numeric cannot be assigned by this WHEN clause and a character string is assigned by other WHEN clauses.

 

Probably this is what you want:

 

     when length(specifier)=3 then cats(0,specifier)

 

because cats(0,specifier) is a character string, that works with other WHEN clauses also assign character strings.

--
Paige Miller

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