Calcite | Level 5

## Test independence

Hi, I want to test whether my gender variable effects my categorical variable, with levels say 1, 2 and 3, in any way. I've done tested the assumption for normality, it does not hold.  What PROC statement should I use to test independence between my variables now rather than the PROC TTEST?

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Diamond | Level 26

## Re: Test independence

From your description, you have only categorical variables and so test of normality and t-tests are meaningless and also irrelevant.

It sounds like you want a chi-squared test from a simple contingency table using PROC FREQ.

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Paige Miller
3 REPLIES 3
Diamond | Level 26

## Re: Test independence

From your description, you have only categorical variables and so test of normality and t-tests are meaningless and also irrelevant.

It sounds like you want a chi-squared test from a simple contingency table using PROC FREQ.

--
Paige Miller
Calcite | Level 5

## Re: Test independence

Thank you, yes this makes a lot more sense. My categorical variable, levels 1 2 & 3, is transformed from raw data using if statements. So if I worked with the raw data I had to test normality and equality of variance for both genders, and if those assumptions held, then test independence. But with only categorical data I'll use PROC FREQ immediately.
Diamond | Level 26

## Re: Test independence

My categorical variable, levels 1 2 & 3, is transformed from raw data using if statements.

So if I worked with the raw data I had to test normality and equality of variance for both genders, and if those assumptions held, then test independence.

Not sure what "independence" means in this context. But since you mentioned t-tests, normality and equality of variance are necessary, but the Satterthwaite t-test handles the case where the variances are different. If you have large amounts of data, then the central limit theorem takes care of normality, and makes the standard t-test reasonable. (And if you don't have a lot of data, there are bootstrap tests and also non-parametric tests available in SAS)

--
Paige Miller
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