Obsidian | Level 7

## Calculating Fractional Months between different observations

Hi,

I want to calculate the fractional months between different observations from the prior observations with the same key. For example, for the observations with the key "111", I want to calculate the fractional months seen in Counter "2" vs Counter "1", then the fractional month seen in Counter "3" vs Counter "2", then Counter "4" vs Counter "2", then start over again for next key "118". In excel, it would be like using the formula =DATEDIF(D7,D8,"M")+DATEDIF(D7,D8,"MD")/(365/12). Below is an example of the data set and I want to create the "Months btw Dates" column below. Thanks in advance!

 Obs Key Counter Date Months btw Dates 1 111 1 1/1/2023 2 111 2 2/5/2023 1.13 3 111 3 4/7/2023 2.07 4 111 4 6/10/2023 2.10 5 118 1 2/10/2023 6 118 2 5/1/2023 2.69
1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions
Super User

## Re: Calculating Fractional Months between different observations

``````data have;
infile cards expandtabs truncover;
input Obs	Key	Counter	Date :mmddyy10.;
format date mmddyy10.;
cards;
1	111	1	1/1/2023
2	111	2	2/5/2023
3	111	3	4/7/2023
4	111	4	6/10/2023
5	118	1	2/10/2023
6	118	2	5/1/2023
;
data want;
set have;
lag_date=lag(date);
if key=lag(key) then want=yrdif(lag_date,date,'30/360')*12;
drop lag_date;
run;``````
3 REPLIES 3
Obsidian | Level 7

## Re: Calculating Fractional Months between different observations

I mispoke when I said Counter "4" vs Counter "2". What I meant to say was that I want Counter "4" vs Counter "3"

Diamond | Level 26

## Re: Calculating Fractional Months between different observations

I dislike the idea of "fractional months", as months are different lengths, and so I recommend you not use "fractional months". The following code will compute the number of days between the dates. You can do with that number of days anything you want.

``````data have;
input obs key counter date :mmddyy8.;
format date date9.;
cards;
1	111	1	1/1/2023
2	111	2	2/5/2023
3	111	3	4/7/2023
4	111	4	6/10/2023
5	118	1	2/10/2023
6	118	2	5/1/2023
;

data want;
set have;
by key;
prev_date=lag(date);
if first.key then days_between=.;
else days_between=date-prev_date;
drop prev_date;
run; ``````

Please note: we expect data to be presented as working SAS data step code, and not other formats such as the one your provided. I have given an example (and instructions here for more complicated data sets). In your future questions, please provide data as shown.

--
Paige Miller
Super User

## Re: Calculating Fractional Months between different observations

``````data have;
infile cards expandtabs truncover;
input Obs	Key	Counter	Date :mmddyy10.;
format date mmddyy10.;
cards;
1	111	1	1/1/2023
2	111	2	2/5/2023
3	111	3	4/7/2023
4	111	4	6/10/2023
5	118	1	2/10/2023
6	118	2	5/1/2023
;
data want;
set have;
lag_date=lag(date);
if key=lag(key) then want=yrdif(lag_date,date,'30/360')*12;
drop lag_date;
run;``````
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