Calcite | Level 5

## polynomial regression - relative least squares

Hello,

How can I tell to SAS, that as criterion I want minimizing relative least squares (not absolute) in polynomial regression?
I have data with high variability and absolute least squares are discriminating low values, because the squared error is very low.

4 REPLIES 4
Diamond | Level 26

## Re: polynomial regression - relative least squares

I'm not sure I know the difference between "relative" least squares and "absolute" least squares. Can you explain further?

Whatever it is, the usual procedures have built in objective functions, and I don't know that you can change them. Maybe PROC NLIN would allow you to specify your own objective function.

```I have data with high variability

```

If that's the case, you might want to consider transforming your data so that the errors in your data are closer to normally distributed, rather than "relative" least squares, whatever that is.

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Paige Miller
Calcite | Level 5

## Re: polynomial regression - relative least squares

Explain: I am not minimizing SUM[(desired value - model value)^2] in the least square method, but SUM[((desired value - model value)/desired value)^2]. In that case, errors of observations with small values are equal to errors of observations with high values.

Diamond | Level 26

## Re: polynomial regression - relative least squares

A search of the SAS documentation doesn't show any hits for "relative least squares".

So I guess you would have to program this yourself in PROC IML or PROC NLIN

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Paige Miller
Diamond | Level 26

## Re: polynomial regression - relative least squares

Side comment: there is something called iteratively re-weighted least squares, which also reduces the influence of points far away from the fitted line. You can find an example of code for iteratively reweighted least squares in the PROC NLIN documentation.

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Paige Miller
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