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Fluorite | Level 6

## Vertical summation by two variables

Hello,

I have:

x      y      z

10   1      67

10   1     430

10   2     122

10   2     51

10   2     219

I want

x      y      z     z_sum

10   1      67    .

10   1     430   497

10   2     122    .

10   2     51      .

10   2     219    392

I am having trouble summing it by two variables. Any ideas? Thanks for any help!

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions
Super User

## Re: Vertical summation by two variables

@Ethid wrote:

I am having trouble summing it by two variables. Any ideas? Thanks for any help!

What troubles are you having? What approach are you taking?

Is that what you want your final output to be, or are you looking for just the summary statistics.

How to summarize data:

https://github.com/statgeek/SAS-Tutorials/blob/master/proc_means_basic.sas

How to add a statistic to your main data set:

@Ethid wrote:

Hello,

I have:

x      y      z

10   1      67

10   1     430

10   2     122

10   2     51

10   2     219

I want

x      y      z     z_sum

10   1      67    .

10   1     430   497

10   2     122    .

10   2     51      .

10   2     219    392

I am having trouble summing it by two variables. Any ideas? Thanks for any help!

5 REPLIES 5
Super User

## Re: Vertical summation by two variables

@Ethid wrote:

I am having trouble summing it by two variables. Any ideas? Thanks for any help!

What troubles are you having? What approach are you taking?

Is that what you want your final output to be, or are you looking for just the summary statistics.

How to summarize data:

https://github.com/statgeek/SAS-Tutorials/blob/master/proc_means_basic.sas

How to add a statistic to your main data set:

@Ethid wrote:

Hello,

I have:

x      y      z

10   1      67

10   1     430

10   2     122

10   2     51

10   2     219

I want

x      y      z     z_sum

10   1      67    .

10   1     430   497

10   2     122    .

10   2     51      .

10   2     219    392

I am having trouble summing it by two variables. Any ideas? Thanks for any help!

Tourmaline | Level 20

## Re: Vertical summation by two variables

``````data have;
input cx      y      z;
cards;
10   1      67
10   1     430
10   2     122
10   2     51
10   2     219
;
data want;
set have;
by cx      y;
retain t;
if first.y then t=z;
else t+z;
if last.y then z_sum=t;
drop t;
run;``````
Fluorite | Level 6

## Re: Vertical summation by two variables

Thank you Novinosrin, this should work!

SAS Employee

## Re: Vertical summation by two variables

Note that for your real data, you'll have to add in a proc sort and sort by (in this case) cx and y:

proc sort data=have; by cx y; run;

In this case you didn't get an error because your data was already sorted, but your real data probably isn't and you'll get an error about by variables not being properly sorted.

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Diamond | Level 26

## Re: Vertical summation by two variables

I just don't see the point of writing your own data step code to do summation, when SAS already has a PROC that does this, and handles missings and does error checking, all at no extra charge.

``````proc summary nway data=have;
class cx y;
var z;
output out=want sum=sum_z;
run;``````
--
Paige Miller
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