BookmarkSubscribeRSS Feed
Yuliya
Obsidian | Level 7

Hi,

 

I am doing simulation of normal distribution with RAND and use the same SEED but every time I get different data.

 

What could be wrong?

 

Here is the code:

 

data normal;

seed =1976;

do stickprov = 1 to 100;

do obs = 1 to 50;

x = rand ('normal',2.2,1);

y = rand ('normal', 2.2,1);

output;

end;

end;

drop seed;

run;

 

I look forward to replies.

Thank you in advance.

 

Regards,

Yuliya

4 REPLIES 4
JoshB
Quartz | Level 8

From RAND function documentation here

 

Generating Random Numbers


The RAND function generates random numbers from various continuous and discrete distributions. Wherever possible, the simplest form of the distribution is used.


The RAND function uses the Mersenne-Twister random number generator (RNG) that was developed by Matsumoto and Nishimura (1998). The random number generator has a very long period (219937 – 1) and very good statistical properties. The period is a Mersenne prime, which contributes to the naming of the RNG. The algorithm is a twisted generalized feedback shift register (TGFSR) that explains the latter part of the name. The TGFSR gives the RNG a very high order of equidistribution (623-dimensional with 32-bit accuracy), which means that there is a very small correlation between successive vectors of 623 pseudo-random numbers.


The RAND function is started with a single seed. However, the state of the process cannot be captured by a single seed. You cannot stop and restart the generator from its stopping point.
Reproducing a Random Number Stream


If you want to create reproducible streams of random numbers, then use the CALL STREAMINIT routine to specify a seed value for random number generation. Use the CALL STREAMINIT routine once per DATA step before any invocation of the RAND function. If you omit the call to the CALL STREAMINIT routine (or if you specify a non-positive seed value in the CALL STREAMINIT routine), then RAND uses a call to the system clock to seed itself. For more information, see CALL STREAMINIT Creating a Reproducible Stream of Random Numbers.

Reeza
Super User

You create a variable called SEED, but don't actually use it for anything 😉 You need to use CALL STREAMINIT() to apply the seed.

 

 

 

data normal;
seed =1976;
call streaminit(seed);
do stickprov = 1 to 100;
do obs = 1 to 50;
x = rand ('normal',2.2,1);
y = rand ('normal', 2.2,1);
output;
end;
end;
drop seed;
run;

 

Yuliya
Obsidian | Level 7
Thank you very much. I am a novice in SAS :))
Rick_SAS
SAS Super FREQ

If you plan on doing much simulation, you might consider reading some of the Simulation articles on The DO Loop blog. Start with this one about Simulation in SAS.

sas-innovate-2024.png

Don't miss out on SAS Innovate - Register now for the FREE Livestream!

Can't make it to Vegas? No problem! Watch our general sessions LIVE or on-demand starting April 17th. Hear from SAS execs, best-selling author Adam Grant, Hot Ones host Sean Evans, top tech journalist Kara Swisher, AI expert Cassie Kozyrkov, and the mind-blowing dance crew iLuminate! Plus, get access to over 20 breakout sessions.

 

Register now!

How to Concatenate Values

Learn how use the CAT functions in SAS to join values from multiple variables into a single value.

Find more tutorials on the SAS Users YouTube channel.

Click image to register for webinarClick image to register for webinar

Classroom Training Available!

Select SAS Training centers are offering in-person courses. View upcoming courses for:

View all other training opportunities.

Discussion stats
  • 4 replies
  • 12304 views
  • 3 likes
  • 4 in conversation