Help using Base SAS procedures

date difference calculation

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Contributor
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Accepted Solution

date difference calculation

data cig.date_duration;

   set cig.ALL;

   by HHID purchase_date;

   if first.HHID then do;

                    if first.HHID then first_date = purchase_date;

                    if last.HHID then last_date = purchase_date;

          end;

          duration = first_date - last_date + 1;

          if last.HHID then output;

run;

What is wrong with my code? Basically, I want to calculate the difference between last purchase_date - first purchase_date for each household id (HHID) from a data file called cig.ALL.

With the above code, I get last_date only when it's a last_date = first_date (i.e., purchase is made on only one day).

Can someone please help?

Thanks,

C


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Solution
‎08-26-2011 10:59 AM
PROC Star
Posts: 7,363

date difference calculation

I'll answer your question but, first, I forgot to include an important line.  A retain statment is needed.  The code should have read:

data cig.date_duration;

   set cig.ALL;

   by HHID;

    retain first_date;

   if first.HHID then first_date = purchase_date;

   if last.HHID then do;

     last_date = purchase_date;

     duration =last_date-first_date + 1;

     output;

   end;

run;

The output statement, because it is within the do loop where last.HHID is true, causes SAS to only output that one record, rather than all of the records.

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PROC Star
Posts: 7,363

date difference calculation

You have left out the chance to get the date when the last record in a group is read and I think that you reversed the way you want to do the calculation.  I think you are actually trying to do something like:

data cig.date_duration;

   set cig.ALL;

   by HHID;

   if first.HHID then first_date = purchase_date;

   if last.HHID then do;

     last_date = purchase_date;

     duration =last_date-first_date + 1;

     output;

   end;

run;

Contributor
Posts: 44

date difference calculation

thank you, sir. what does "output;" do? I get the same output without it.

Solution
‎08-26-2011 10:59 AM
PROC Star
Posts: 7,363

date difference calculation

I'll answer your question but, first, I forgot to include an important line.  A retain statment is needed.  The code should have read:

data cig.date_duration;

   set cig.ALL;

   by HHID;

    retain first_date;

   if first.HHID then first_date = purchase_date;

   if last.HHID then do;

     last_date = purchase_date;

     duration =last_date-first_date + 1;

     output;

   end;

run;

The output statement, because it is within the do loop where last.HHID is true, causes SAS to only output that one record, rather than all of the records.

Contributor
Posts: 44

date difference calculation

now, it records the first_date and last_date. But, I still need to collapse it into the table in the post below...

Is there a way I can do it in the same data step without creating extra "sql" command?

many thanks!

PROC Star
Posts: 7,363

date difference calculation

I'm not sure what your question is.  If it is just that you only want to keep the fields you identified, you can either  only keep those fields when you set the dataset, keep them in the data statement, or drop the other fields.  I think the most efficient way would be to use something like:

data cig.date_duration;

   set cig.ALL (keep=HHID purchase_date);

   by HHID;

   retain first_date;

    format first_date last_date date9.;

   if first.HHID then first_date = purchase_date;

   if last.HHID then do;

     last_date = purchase_date;

     duration =last_date-first_date + 1;

      purchase_date=first_date;

     output;

   end;

run;

Contributor
Posts: 44

date difference calculation

The data ALL looks like this:

HHID                            Purchase Date

1                                         1/2/2002

1                                        1/11/2002

1                                        1/13/2002

2

2

I want:

HHID                            Purchase Date        First_Date     Last_Date     Duration

1                                         1/2/2002          1/2/2002       1/13/2002          12

Super User
Posts: 9,676

date difference calculation

How to decide which date is PurchaseDate.

Art's code can not work?

data cig.date_duration;

   set cig.ALL;

   by HHID;

    retain first_date ;

   if first.HHID then first_date = purchase_date;

   if last.HHID then do;

     last_date = purchase_date;

     duration =last_date-first_date + 1;

     purchase_date=first_date;

     output;

   end;

run;

Code not test.

Ksharp

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