01-13-2016 12:42 PM - edited 01-13-2016 12:43 PM
%macro both(ds1,ds2,ds3); proc sql; create &ds3. as select one.ID, one.Gender, one.ZIP, one.State, one.age from &ds1. as one, &ds2. as two where one.ID=two.ID; %mend; %put %both(data1,data2,test)
I want to select the observations with same ID from two files, and because I need to do this repeatedly (I have 7 data sets), so I wrote the above macro. Howeverm when I called it using the %put statement, I got an error:
ERROR 180-322: Statement is not valid or it is used out of proper order (create was underlined to indicate the error position).
Why do I get this error? Can anyone kindly give me some hint if you know about it? Thanks!
01-13-2016 03:12 PM
Almost always, it will be wrong to call a macro inside a %PUT statement. In this case, it is definitely wrong. Here is the beginning of your result:
%put proc sql;
create table ds3 as
If you coded this yourself, you would expect to get an error. The %PUT statement would write "proc sql" and then SAS would try to execute "create table ds3 as ...". Since there is no longer a PROC SQL statement as part of the SAS program, "create table ds3 as ..." gives you the error message.
01-13-2016 03:54 PM - edited 01-13-2016 03:56 PM
I would try something like:
%macro both(ds1,ds2,ds3); proc sql; create &ds3. as select one.ID, one.Gender, one.ZIP, one.State, one.age from &ds1. as one, &ds2. as two where one.ID=two.ID; quit; %mend; %both(data1,data2,test);
If you want to see what the generated code looks like then use
before running the macro.