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SQL Group By calculated fields doesn't need keyword CALCULATED any more?

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New Contributor
Posts: 2

SQL Group By calculated fields doesn't need keyword CALCULATED any more?

Typically the keyword CALCULATED is required any time a variable is calculated and used within the same query within a RPOC SQL step.  However, lately I found that it also works WITHOUT the keyword in a GROUP BY clause.

In the codes below, typically we should use GROUP BY Calculated XID;  but it did work without the keyword.  Any idea?  I guess it's a SAS version issue, where in the later versions the rules for GROUP BY is loosened up? 

 

data block;
  do block = 4 to 16 by 4;
      do i=1 to 3;
      x=block+i;
       output;
      end;
  end;
  drop i;
run;

proc sql;
    create table test as select block, x,
    x**2 as xsq,
    mean(calculated xsq) as meanXsq,
    calculated xsq**.5 as XID
from block
group by XID;
quit;

Super User
Super User
Posts: 8,120

Re: SQL Group By calculated fields doesn't need keyword CALCULATED any more?

The GROUP BY does not default to using variables that come from one of the input tables.  In fact usually you will want to use one of the variables that is being included in the output.

 

However you might need to use CALCULATED if there is confusion between one of the input variable and on of the calculated variables.

 

New Contributor
Posts: 2

Re: SQL Group By calculated fields doesn't need keyword CALCULATED any more?

That makes sense. Thanks, Tom!
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