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New Contributor
Posts: 4

# MAX with a conditional By group?

Hi All,

I ran into a problem where I have the following table:

Year  Year_L

2000 2000
2001
2002
2003
2004 2004
2005
2006
2007
2008 2008
2009 2009
2010
2011

and I want

Year  Year_L

2000 2000
2001 2000
2002 2000
2003 2000
2004 2004
2005 2004
2006 2004
2007 2004
2008 2008
2009 2009
2010 2009
2011 2009

Basically I want all missing fields to take all previous latest Year_L.

Note that I cannot use lags since data is too disorganized to have it sorted (and it's not quite in my control to make them more organized)

I thought about using max(Year_L) but I'm not sure how to set the "By GROUPS" so that it would take current year > year.

Thank you so much!

Accepted Solutions
Solution
‎01-26-2017 12:58 PM
Super User
Posts: 9,599

## Re: MAX with a conditional By group?

Well, something like:

```data want;
set have (rename=(year_l=tmp));
retain year_l;
if tmp ne "" then year_l=tmp;
run;```

Note, I  assume your data is character format as you have not posted the test data in a datastep.

All Replies
Solution
‎01-26-2017 12:58 PM
Super User
Posts: 9,599

## Re: MAX with a conditional By group?

Well, something like:

```data want;
set have (rename=(year_l=tmp));
retain year_l;
if tmp ne "" then year_l=tmp;
run;```

Note, I  assume your data is character format as you have not posted the test data in a datastep.

New Contributor
Posts: 4

## Re: MAX with a conditional By group?

Hi,

I am wondering is there a way to make it work if its not in order? say if 2001 comes before the row of 2000.

Thank you once again!
Super User
Posts: 9,599

## Re: MAX with a conditional By group?

From your given example, you would sort by col1 then apply that code.  If there's no logically order, not sure how you could logically apply any condition.  Try posting test data in the form of a datastep which accurately describes your problem.  Follow this if you stuck:

https://communities.sas.com/t5/SAS-Communities-Library/How-to-create-a-data-step-version-of-your-dat...

Left for the day, will see responses tomorrow.

Super User
Posts: 13,523

## Re: MAX with a conditional By group?

chrischoi614 wrote:

I am wondering is there a way to make it work if its not in order? say if 2001 comes before the row of 2000.

If you have a more complex need you shoud provide example input, output and any actual rules for determining assignment.

For example I am not sure which variable you mean to address that comes before 2000.

It may be that the solution is to sort the data first and then apply the existing solution.

Is the case you are thinking like this?

Year  Year_L

2001

2000 2000
2002
2003
2004 2004
2005
2006

If so, what value should Year_L have and how do we know that it should get that value?

New Contributor
Posts: 4

## Re: MAX with a conditional By group?

The variables actually mean Year and Year of loss. IF there is a loss, Year_L will be populated with the same year.

so since in 2000, there is a loss, in 2001, the latest loss up to 2001 is 2000. Therefore 2001 should have Year_L = 2000. Hope that explains the logic.

Thank you so much!
Super User
Posts: 13,523

## Re: MAX with a conditional By group?

chrischoi614 wrote:
The variables actually mean Year and Year of loss. IF there is a loss, Year_L will be populated with the same year.

so since in 2000, there is a loss, in 2001, the latest loss up to 2001 is 2000. Therefore 2001 should have Year_L = 2000. Hope that explains the logic.

Thank you so much!

That really sounds like Sort the data and apply the previous solution should work.

New Contributor
Posts: 4

## Re: MAX with a conditional By group?

Thank you! I will probably just do that.
☑ This topic is solved.