Help using Base SAS procedures

How to use maximum and minimum in further calculation?

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Occasional Contributor M_K
Occasional Contributor
Posts: 14
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How to use maximum and minimum in further calculation?

hi everyone,

I want to know how to use a minimum or maximum value of a variable in further calculations. I am able to find out maximum or minimum values of a variable, say X, using proc univariate or proc sql. now i want to use it for further calculation say, a new variable y =  (maximum of x)* observation in variable Z. I can do it putting values of minimum and maximum into the program. but i dont want to copy and paste the values from output to program. Is there any way i can do that?


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‎12-05-2011 08:20 AM
PROC Star
Posts: 7,363

How to use maximum and minimum in further calculation?

proc sql;

   create table WANT as

          select *, y*max(x) as z

   from HAVE;

quit;


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Super User
Posts: 5,256

How to use maximum and minimum in further calculation?

I'm sure you can.

Have I understood you right: in a table have columns X, Y. For each row, you want to multiply the row value of Y with the table's maximum value of X?

Y     X

10     3

12     5

8     6

10   10

Will result in

Y     X     Z

10     3     100

12     5     120

8     6     80

10   10     100

If this is the case SQL will do it for you in on step.

If you for some reason want to use the value of max(x) for processing in another step, you can store that value in a macro variable (see the into construct in SQL), or have the max(x) calculated in a join or in asub-query.

proc sql;

select y * max(x) as z

from inputTable;

quit;

Data never sleeps
Occasional Contributor M_K
Occasional Contributor
Posts: 14

How to use maximum and minimum in further calculation?

Hi LinusH, I am able to create Z this way, thanks for your help! Can you also tell me how do you save it in data file?

Super User
Super User
Posts: 6,500

Re: How to use maximum and minimum in further calculation?

If you are using PROC SQL you can use the CREATE TABLE clause to create a table (dataset).

proc sql ;

   create table WANT as

     select x,y,y*max(x) as z

     from HAVE

  ;

quit;

You should also learn how to use SAS Procs to product output tables.

proc summary data=HAVE ;

   var x;

   output out=xmean mean=xmean ;

run;

And how to manipulate data using DATA steps.  Here is a trick to copy values from a dataset with only one observation onto all observations of another dataset.  _N_ is the automatic loop counter for the data step.  So the record from the dataset XMEAN will only be read the first time SAS runs through the data step code.  Since XMEAN variable is never overwritten again it will stay the same for all iterations of the data step.

data want;

  set have ;

  if _n_=1 then set xmean;

  z=y*xmean;

run;

Occasional Contributor M_K
Occasional Contributor
Posts: 14

How to use maximum and minimum in further calculation?

Thanks for your reply, Tom!

I did use similar code as you have given -

proc sql;

   create table WANT as

          select x, y, y*max(x) as z

   from HAVE;

quit;

But doing this I am just able to export x, y and z to WANT. But I want to have all of the variables from HAVE and add z to it to get WANT. Can this be done?

Solution
‎12-05-2011 08:20 AM
PROC Star
Posts: 7,363

How to use maximum and minimum in further calculation?

proc sql;

   create table WANT as

          select *, y*max(x) as z

   from HAVE;

quit;


Occasional Contributor M_K
Occasional Contributor
Posts: 14

How to use maximum and minimum in further calculation?

Thank you so much Art! Its such a simple code and worked as well! Smiley Happy

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