Help using Base SAS procedures

How to calculate the sample size?

Accepted Solution Solved
Reply
New Contributor
Posts: 3
Accepted Solution

How to calculate the sample size?

/* Population size: 29.477.792
/* Parametros:  
   N                 P       Q      P*Q     Z_95%   Z2_95%     E_ 5%     E2_5%    
29477792    0,5     0,5      0,25    1,9600     3,8416       0,05       0,0025  

/* Formula  :   n =     N*(p*q)*Z2 / (p*q)*Z2 + (N-1)*E2  */

 

How can I do a program to calculate the sample size, according to this formula ???


Accepted Solutions
Solution
‎03-06-2018 07:59 AM
Super User
Posts: 13,498

Re: How to calculate the sample size?

Posted in reply to Lady_Lucy
data want;
   n=29477792;
   p= 0.5;
   q= 0.5;
   pq = p*q;
   z_95 = 1.96;
   z2_95 = 3.8416;
   e_5 = .05;
   e2_5 = 0.0025;
   nwant = n*pq*z2_95/pq*z2_95 +(n-1)*e2_5;
run;

But I think you need to verify your "formula".

 

Note I use . instead of , as that is the NLS setting for my system. You should be able to reverse things easy enough.

View solution in original post


All Replies
Solution
‎03-06-2018 07:59 AM
Super User
Posts: 13,498

Re: How to calculate the sample size?

Posted in reply to Lady_Lucy
data want;
   n=29477792;
   p= 0.5;
   q= 0.5;
   pq = p*q;
   z_95 = 1.96;
   z2_95 = 3.8416;
   e_5 = .05;
   e2_5 = 0.0025;
   nwant = n*pq*z2_95/pq*z2_95 +(n-1)*e2_5;
run;

But I think you need to verify your "formula".

 

Note I use . instead of , as that is the NLS setting for my system. You should be able to reverse things easy enough.

New Contributor
Posts: 3

Re: How to calculate the sample size?

Hi, Thank you so much!

It's worked.

 

data want;
   n=10000;
   p=0.5;
   q=0.5;
   pq = p*q;
   z_95 = 1.96;
   z2_95 = 3.8416;
   e_5 = 0.05;
   e2_5 = 0.0025;
   nwant = (n*pq*z2_95) / ((pq*z2_95) + ((n-1)*e2_5));
run;

Contributor
Posts: 20

Re: How to calculate the sample size?

Posted in reply to Lady_Lucy

Yea I agree I think you need to verify your formula. I think what you are trying to do is:

 

 

n = N*X / (X + N – 1),

where,

X = Z(α/2)^2 ­*p*(1-p) / MOE^2,

and Zα/2 is the critical value of the Normal distribution at α/2 (e.g. for a confidence level of 95%, α is 0.05 and the critical value is 1.96), MOE is the margin of error, p is the sample proportion, and N is the population size.  Note that a Finite Population Correction has been applied to the sample size formula.

 

I think it would look something like this

n=(N*((Z^2 ­*p*(1-p)) / MOE^2))  /  (((Z^2 ­*p*(1-p)) / MOE^2)+N+1)

New Contributor
Posts: 3

Re: How to calculate the sample size?

Thank you. Thank you.

You really  helped me.

you're so right. that's the 'exact format' of formula.

before,I guess that I didn't express right.

sorry about my english Smiley Wink

☑ This topic is solved.

Need further help from the community? Please ask a new question.

Discussion stats
  • 4 replies
  • 205 views
  • 2 likes
  • 3 in conversation