Ok, so here's my problem...have spent the past 2 hours trying to find the answer, to no avail. I need to find a way to capture/select the SECOND occurrence of a variable (just call it "flag") returning a value of 1...WITHIN each age group. The data has already been sorted by age group (and then by "flag", which is dichotomous, having a value of 1 or 0). I know how to get the first and last value by using FIRST.group and LAST.group, but I can't figure out how to select the second (or third, tenth, etc., you get the idea). Remember that this is not just the second observation of the data set - this is the second occurrence of flag=1 WITHIN each age group. HELP HELP HELP ASAP!!! And thanks a million!