Help using Base SAS procedures

Hazard ratio vs incidence rate

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Hazard ratio vs incidence rate



Usually when I perform  Cox-regressions (PHREG - two treatment groups) the estimated hazard ratio is often quite similar to the ratio of incidence rates in each treatment groups.

I now run a PHREG (2 treatment groups)  which resulteted in a HR of 1.5. When I compared it with the  ratio of incidence rate, this ratio resultated in 2.0.


I have validated all number oand calculations and I now wonder why they can differ so much? Non-constant hazards?


Thanks in advance


Respected Advisor
Posts: 2,655

Re: Hazard ratio vs incidence rate

Posted in reply to bollibompa

Non-constant for 2 groups implies non-proportionality, in which case, PHREG might not be the best way to analyze your results.  A key assumption of Cox regression is proportionality of the hazard rates.  Another comparison to check this out is to compare the HR from PHREG to the Kaplan-Meier (nonparametric) estimate you can obtain from LIFETEST.


Steve Denham

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