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enter numbers into a matrix in a do loop - specific example

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enter numbers into a matrix in a do loop - specific example

Hi,

 

I am recreating Rick Wicklin's blog post Simulating the Coupon Collector's Problem. In the last section there is a code that creates a CDF:

 

/** has event occurred by roll j? (j=K..L) **/
cdf = j(L,1,0); /** allocate **/
do j = K to L;
   c = countunique(x[,1:j], "row");
   cdf[j] = (c=K)[:];
end;

  

 

What I would like  is to have the actual count for each j and not the proportion, but when I did :

cdf[j] = c, I got an error message that the matrices do not conform to the operation. Is there a way to see the actual count for each j?

 

Thank you 


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‎02-05-2017 10:21 AM
SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 3,390

Re: enter numbers into a matrix in a do loop - specific example

The notation 

(c=K)

creates a 0/1 matrix  which has the value 1 in cells for which c[i,j]=K.

The notation 

(c=K)[:]

takes the mean of those numbers by using a subscript reduction operator.

If you want the sum instead of the mean, just use 

(c=K)[+]

or

sum(c=K)

 

cdf = j(L,1,0); /** allocate **/
do j = K to L;
   c = countunique(x[,1:j], "row");
   cdf[j] = (c=K)[+];
end;
call scatter(K:L, cdf);

 

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SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 3,390

Re: enter numbers into a matrix in a do loop - specific example

cdf[j] is one cell, whereas c is a vector with 10,000 elements, which is why you are getting an error.

 

I don't understand what "count"  you want.  I suggest you set NSim=5 and L=8 so you can print out  x and other matrices and  tell  us what you are looking for:

/* generate NSim trials of L rolls */
NSim = 5;
L = 8;
...
print x;

/* count of what? */
c1 = (x=k)[+,];  /* number of times for each column that K appeared */
c2 = (x=k)[,+];  /* number of times for each row that K appeared */

 

Super Contributor
Posts: 413

Re: enter numbers into a matrix in a do loop - specific example

Hi Rick (I knew you would reply!)

 

By count I mean simply the total number of trials for which all 6 faces appear in 6 rolls, in 7 rolls, 8 rolls etc.

 

I know that I can multiply each cdf by 10000 and then calculate the difference between consecutive cdf's, but I just wanted to see how to do it with the code.

 

 

Thanks!

Solution
‎02-05-2017 10:21 AM
SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 3,390

Re: enter numbers into a matrix in a do loop - specific example

The notation 

(c=K)

creates a 0/1 matrix  which has the value 1 in cells for which c[i,j]=K.

The notation 

(c=K)[:]

takes the mean of those numbers by using a subscript reduction operator.

If you want the sum instead of the mean, just use 

(c=K)[+]

or

sum(c=K)

 

cdf = j(L,1,0); /** allocate **/
do j = K to L;
   c = countunique(x[,1:j], "row");
   cdf[j] = (c=K)[+];
end;
call scatter(K:L, cdf);

 

Super Contributor
Posts: 413

Re: enter numbers into a matrix in a do loop - specific example

thanks! that is what I meant, but couldn't get because I just didn't know about the code

(c=K)[+]

 A small side note, this code gets the cummulative count, which is the cummulative distribution multiplied by the sample size. Is it also possible to get the discrete count, like the pdf times the sample size? 

SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 3,390

Re: enter numbers into a matrix in a do loop - specific example

The pdf is the difference between adjacent values of the cdf. Therfore you can use the DIF function to compute the pdf from the cdf. Something like

 

pdf = dif(cdf);

pdf[1] = 0;

 

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