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11-15-2013 02:23 PM

Azzalini (1986 and on) created a family of skewed distributions based on the normal. They are applicable to a wide range of phenomena but don't seem to have been codified as SAS functions, e.g., in Proc Univariate, or in SAS IML. Any suggestions on programming them into SAS?

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11-25-2013
07:40 AM

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11-25-2013 07:40 AM

Hi,

I have faced with skew normal in one of my biostatistical research.But I handle it with R and winbugs. Your question motivate me to search more about SAS capabilities in handling with "Skew-Normal" distributions. I find the following paper useful, it may give you some idea. Especially check the second link for SAS code of this paper:

http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2288-10-55.pdf

http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/supplementary/1471-2288-10-55-S2.PDF

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11-15-2013 03:27 PM

How you want to use them might allow us to provide some hints.

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11-16-2013 06:50 AM

There are many families (actually, *systems*) of distributions that have been proposed for generating distributions with given moments. The first four moments are mean, variance, skewness, and kurtosis. In my book *Simulating Data withSAS *I discuss the Johnson system and the Fleishman system and provide SAS/IML codes for simulating data from each system (in the last chapter).

I had not heard of the skew-normal distributions until now, but it is a standard technique to generate a new random variable from another (I discuss this in the chapter "Advanced Univariate Distributions). To implement these in SAS/IML, use the formulation at Random numbers generation

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11-22-2013 12:42 PM

Mike:

The good folks at Tech Support recently helped me with a similar query. Sure would like to see some more distributions available in Base SAS PDF/CDF functions - that list has changed very little in many years. A small example below.

Regards,

-Matt

**data** x;

mu = **0**;

sigma = **1**;

do delta = -**1** to **1** by **0.25**, **2**, **10**; * delta is correlation coefficient 0 <= delta <= 1;

do eta=-**5** to **5** by **0.1**;

probit = cdf('normal', eta);

sn = **2***probbnrm( eta, **0**, -delta);

snPDF = **2***pdf('normal', eta)*cdf('normal', -delta*eta);

sn3PDF = **2***pdf('normal', eta)*cdf('normal', -delta*eta);

output;

end;

end;

**run**;

%** setup**;

**proc** **gplot** data=x;

title 'Skew Normal PDF';

plot snPDF*eta=delta

/ legend=legend1;

plot /* probit*eta=delta */ sn*eta=delta

/ legend=legend1;

**run**;

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11-22-2013 05:49 PM

Thanks, Matt...couldn't agree with you more about the limited number of available distribution functions...that's why many people prefer R's flexibility in this regard.

Tom

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11-23-2013 07:23 AM

SAS and core R provide the same building blocks, which consists of 20-25 "basic" distributions (normal, gamma, beta, etc). The difference is that members of the R community have taken the time to construct more complicated distributions from these building blocks, just as Mike did here and as I've done with about a dozen other distributions in my book and on my blog. They then share their work so that others can also use it.

Keep posting these questions, so that when someone Googles "how do I compute theSuper-Whiz-Bang distribution in SAS," there will be publically available code that that person can use. There are infinitely many distributions, but together we can construct many of the more common ones. SAS as a company can't build-in every obscure distribution, but we as SAS users can publish the four lines (in Mike's example) that are required to created lesser-known distributions from basic distributions.

Solution

11-25-2013
07:40 AM

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11-25-2013 07:40 AM

Hi,

I have faced with skew normal in one of my biostatistical research.But I handle it with R and winbugs. Your question motivate me to search more about SAS capabilities in handling with "Skew-Normal" distributions. I find the following paper useful, it may give you some idea. Especially check the second link for SAS code of this paper:

http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2288-10-55.pdf

http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/supplementary/1471-2288-10-55-S2.PDF

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11-25-2013 11:01 AM

Thanks, Mohammed...that's very helpful. Mike