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10-09-2015 06:53 AM

I have a matrix, *x*, that is numeric and 49X47. The second row contains all missing values. I would like to reshape it to a square matrix that is 47x47 by eliminating the first and second rows.

The SHAPE function isn't working:

** x2=shape(x,3:49,47);**

I'm getting execution errors telling me that the "*argument should be a scalar.*"

How do I resolve this?

Thank you.

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Solution

10-10-2015
08:23 AM

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10-09-2015 08:06 AM

The documentation for the SHAPE function specifies that the second argument should be the number of columns in the result matrix. You are sending in a vector, which is why you are getting an error.

First use the subscript operator to extract the nonmissing rows, then reshape:

`x2 = shape( x[3:49, ], 47 );`

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Solution

10-10-2015
08:23 AM

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10-09-2015 08:06 AM

The documentation for the SHAPE function specifies that the second argument should be the number of columns in the result matrix. You are sending in a vector, which is why you are getting an error.

First use the subscript operator to extract the nonmissing rows, then reshape:

`x2 = shape( x[3:49, ], 47 );`

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10-09-2015 08:35 AM

I think the subscript operator alone is suficient here. The shape function does nothing as the reduced matrix already has 47 rows and 47 columns.

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10-12-2015 08:08 AM

That specification of the *Shape* function worked. When I print the resulting matrix within IML, it is square. However, when I create output containing that matrix, the output resolves to a vector:

Vec2 = the resulting square matrix

create Outputx var {Vec2};

append;

close Outputx;

run;*end Proc IML;

Outputx contains a single column with nxn rows.

Why does Outputx not contain the square matrix Vec2?

Thank you.

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10-12-2015 08:15 AM

Why does Outputx not contain the square matrix Vec2?

Because you are using the VAR clause in the CREATE statement. Use the FROM clause to write a matrix, as discussed in the article "Writing data from a matrix to a SAS data set."