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How to grow a sublist in proc iml?

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Occasional Contributor
Posts: 15
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How to grow a sublist in proc iml?

Hi,

How to grow a sublist of the existing List in proc iml?

 

for eg. 

proc iml;

Variable = ListCreate();
Residual = ListCreate();
Call ListAddItem(Variable,{1 2 34});
call ListAddItem(Variable,{12 4 2 2});
Call ListAddItem(Residual,{1 2 34});
call ListAddItem(Residual,{12 4 2 2});

All = ListCreate({"Variable","Residual"});
call ListSetItem(All,"Variable",Variable);
call ListSetItem(All,"Residual",Residual);
package load ListUtil; /* load ListPrint module */
run ListPrint(All);

 

In the above program, I have a named sublist Variable inside the List All. There is LISTGETSUBITEM function to get the subitem but there is no support to add an item to the sub list or to grow it dynamically. This is useful in cases where all the elements of a sublist are not available right in the beginning and want to maintain a structure like above.


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‎06-07-2017 10:25 AM
SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 3,475

Re: How to grow a sublist in proc iml?

OK, then use ListAddItem in my previous example, which will add it to the end of the list.

 

If you need to do this dynamically, you can use the sequence "GetSubItem", "AddItem", "SetSubItem". To make it more efficient, my colleague suggested using the 'm' flag, which does not require making a copy of the memory:

 

tmp = ListGetSubItem(All, "Residual", 'm');    /* move sublist w/out making a copy */
call ListAddItem(tmp, {10 5 100});             /* add new item */
call ListSetSubItem(All,"Residual", tmp, 'm'); /* move memory back to All; tmp is null */

 

 

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SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 3,475

Re: How to grow a sublist in proc iml?

You can use

 

call ListInsertItem(Residual,3, 1:3); /* insert */
call ListSetItem(All,"Residual",Residual); /* replace */

Occasional Contributor
Posts: 15

Re: How to grow a sublist in proc iml?

For this to work, I have to know the elements of Residual before hand. What
I am looking for is something like this.

List All contains Residual sublist (initial with 2 items in the sublist)
and let's say I want to add items to Residual sublist in a loop. This is
what i meant by growing the sublist.

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Solution
‎06-07-2017 10:25 AM
SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 3,475

Re: How to grow a sublist in proc iml?

OK, then use ListAddItem in my previous example, which will add it to the end of the list.

 

If you need to do this dynamically, you can use the sequence "GetSubItem", "AddItem", "SetSubItem". To make it more efficient, my colleague suggested using the 'm' flag, which does not require making a copy of the memory:

 

tmp = ListGetSubItem(All, "Residual", 'm');    /* move sublist w/out making a copy */
call ListAddItem(tmp, {10 5 100});             /* add new item */
call ListSetSubItem(All,"Residual", tmp, 'm'); /* move memory back to All; tmp is null */

 

 

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