Data visualization with SAS programming

Overlay State County Map

Frequent Contributor
Posts: 129

Overlay State County Map

I'm a real newbie to Proc Gmap but I managed to create a color-coded zip-code level map of Virginia using the paper by Barbara Okerson. Now I want to overlay a county level map. What is the best way to do this?



SAS Employee
Posts: 990

Re: Overlay State County Map


This must be destiny, because I was creating an example that overlays a county outline onto a zipcode map, just yesterday! Smiley Happy  Here is a link to the output, and the SAS code:


Basically, you let gmap draw the zipcode map, and then use 'annotate' to draw the extra level of borders (such as county or state outlines). There are 2 techniques for creating the annotate outlines (that I've seen) ... the simpler technique assigns the annotate 'poly' function to the first data-point of each area's outline, and then annotate 'polycont' function to the other data-points of the areas. A slightly more complex algorithm using annotate 'move' & 'draw' has a slightly more complex algorithm, and handles complex maps with 'holes' and such in it.

When using this technique, you need to make sure that your zipcode map, and the map you're going to use for the annotated border are both in the same units (lat/long in degrees or radians, and the longitude has to be in eastlong or westlong). Once they're in the same coordinate system, combine them and Proc Gproject them together.

This is described in more detail in Example 12 in my book SAS/Graph: Beyond the Basics, using the following example (which annotates a state border onto a county map):

Frequent Contributor
Posts: 129

Re: Overlay State County Map

Posted in reply to RobertAllison_SAS


Thank you so much. That is excatly the kind of thing I'm looking for. I've been playing around trying to incorporate some of your code into mine but when I run the gmap proc I get a mess of error messages about the X Y coordinates not being in range. I suspect it has something to do with proc gproject, with which I am totally unfamiliar. But I'll keep plugging away!

Thanks again!

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