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Contributor
Posts: 53

# Box and whisker plot generation

HI

I have a data&colon;

Data have;

Input concentration;

49 50 53 56 59 60 40 30 44

How do I generate a box and whisker plot for this with 25th and 75th percentile?

THnaks

Archana

Accepted Solutions
Solution
‎05-19-2016 11:08 AM
SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 3,907

## Re: Box and whisker plot generation

I strongly encourage you to read about box plots and the statistics that they represent. Here is a step-by-step introduction:

http://bolt.mph.ufl.edu/6050-6052/unit-1/one-quantitative-variable-introduction/boxplot/

The interquartile range is the value IQR = P75 - P25 where P75 is the 75th percentile value and P25 is the 25th percentile value.

The IQR is used to determine the length of the whiskers. Some software uses 1.25 as a multiplier, others use 1.5.

All Replies
SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 779

## Re: Box and whisker plot generation

Please have a look at the excellent blogs by @Sanjay_SAS http://blogs.sas.com/content/graphicallyspeaking/?s=box+and+whisker

Bruno

SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 975

## Re: Box and whisker plot generation

Here you go:

``````Data have;
Input concentration;
cards;
49
50
53
56
60
40
30
44
;
run;

proc sgplot data=have;
hbox concentration;
run;
``````
Contributor
Posts: 53

## Re: Box and whisker plot generation

Thanks, what does the centre line in hte box mean? Is it not the median?

Thanks

Archana

SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 975

## Re: Box and whisker plot generation

Yes, the line is the median, and the marker is the mean.

Contributor
Posts: 53

## Re: Box and whisker plot generation

Thanks a lot DanH_sas!

One last question, does mean needs to be plotted or geometric mean?

Thanks for all the help, appreciate it

SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 975

## Re: Box and whisker plot generation

The mean on the box plot is the arithmetic mean, not the geometric mean.

SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 3,907

## Re: Box and whisker plot generation

[ Edited ]

The following link is to SAS documentation that you can use to learn more about what each part of a box plot represents:

Schematic box-and-whisker plot.

The SGPLOT procedure varies a little (using a diamond instead of a cross for the mean), but the basic idea applies to the VBOX statement in PROC SGPLOT.

Contributor
Posts: 53

## Re: Box and whisker plot generation

HI,

1. I am using SAS 9.2. And the Box plots are not getting generated with the code mentioned.

2. What does " whiskers to the last data point within 1.25 times the interquartile range" mean?

Thanks,

Archana

Solution
‎05-19-2016 11:08 AM
SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 3,907

## Re: Box and whisker plot generation

I strongly encourage you to read about box plots and the statistics that they represent. Here is a step-by-step introduction:

http://bolt.mph.ufl.edu/6050-6052/unit-1/one-quantitative-variable-introduction/boxplot/

The interquartile range is the value IQR = P75 - P25 where P75 is the 75th percentile value and P25 is the 25th percentile value.

The IQR is used to determine the length of the whiskers. Some software uses 1.25 as a multiplier, others use 1.5.

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