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Unobserved Components Model

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Contributor
Posts: 24

Unobserved Components Model

My data set shows a u shaped trend. I want to fit a quadratic trend to the data set (studies utilizing similar datasets utilize quadratic models) how can i include it in the following command.

 

proc ucm data = metals;

id year interval = year;

model logcopper;

irregular;

level;

slope;

cycle;

estimate;

run;

 

Thank you for your help

SAS Employee
Posts: 49

Re: Unobserved Components Model

1.  The combination of LEVEL and SLOPE statements can approximate almost any smooth data pattern (including quadratic).  However, the generated forecast function (out-of-sample) is constant or linear.  This is adequate in most situations.  If you want the forecast function to be quadratic (or higher), you will have to use ARIMA type specification, which can be accomplished by a combination of DEPLAG (to specify differencing) and IRREGULAR (to set AR and MA orders) statements.  See the last example in the UCM doc.  Of course, you can also use PROC ARIMA.

2. You should not include CYCLE like components in your model without good reason.  It is good to keep a few good time series books handy to get better idea about time series modeling.

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