08-24-2015 03:18 AM
Hi! I've also posted this message to the SAS EG section but I thought that it could be also posted in this section.
I'm new at this, so this may be something really easy that I haven't thought of.
I use the EG Linear regression function to forecast a variable which is actually the Difference of the natural logarithm of Y (let's call this Diff_Ln_Y).
So the output of the regression looks something like this.
Time Forecast (Diff_Ln_Y)
Q1 16 0.056
Q2 16 0.057
Q3 18 0.0598
Q4 18 0.0605
Given that i have the actual (Historic) Y value (and consequently Ln_Y) in Q4 15, what i really need is to find a way that I can automatically obtain forecasted Y as my final output as per the following logic:
Time Forecast (Diff_Ln_Y) Ln_Y Y
Q4 15 1.56
Q1 16 0.056 1.616 ( 0.056 + 1.56) exp(1.616)
Q2 16 0.057 1.673 ( 0.057 + 1.616) exp(1.673)
Q3 18 0.0598
Q4 18 0.0605
Then same reasoning needs to be repeated up to Q4 18.
08-24-2015 08:53 AM
If you were to use a proper time series technique, such as exponential smoothing, instead of linear regression you don't have to worry about back transforming.
SAS offers the ESM procedure for example (http://support.sas.com/documentation/cdl/en/etsug/60372/HTML/default/viewer.htm#esm_toc.htm), which applies the following logic: "After the time series is transformed, the model parameters are estimated by using the transformed series. The forecasts of the transformed series are then computed, and finally the transformed series forecasts are inverse transformed."
Not sure if this is what you are looking for - but it's worth a try.
Unfortunately EG does not offer a ESM task, but we have added new and more modern forecasting tasks to SAS Studio 3.4, see: http://support.sas.com/documentation/cdl/en/webeditorug/68254/HTML/default/viewer.htm#n0zupbjif1khpg...
Good news is that these forecasting tasks are also available in the SAS University Edition (free SAS software that can be used for teaching and learning statistics and quantitative methods) - see: https://www.sas.com/content/dam/SAS/en_us/doc/factsheet/sas-university-edition-107140.pdf
08-25-2015 01:51 AM
Thanks for your quick response! I will have these alternatives in mind for future use, but I have currently built a logic in EG, so this is why I need a sort of programming code to back transform my depedent variable.
08-24-2015 09:32 AM
I don't understand. Does the following make some sense ?
retain sum 1.56;
08-25-2015 02:42 AM
Hi Xia Thanks for the reply!
Sorry, maybe i did not explain the whole process from the beginning.
My original Y variable has been transformed, first by taking the natural logarithm of Y and then by first differencing; that is taking the first difference between Ln_Yt and Ln_Yt-1 which comes to the dependent variable I actually forecast in my case (i.e. Diff_Ln_Y), using a simple regression. (The reason I'm doing this is to bring my variables to a stationary state so as to meet some of the requirements of OLS).
Once I perform the forecasts for the period Q1 16 to Q4 18, I need to back trasform this figure to the original Y value.
So for example, for Q1 16 I predict Diff_Ln_Y = 0.056. What I need now is Ln_Y_Q1_16 so as to back transform this to Y using its exponent.
Given that Diff_Ln_Y_Q1 16 = Ln Y_Q1_16 - Ln Y_Q4_15
=> Ln Y_Q1_16 = Diff_Ln_Y_Q1 16 + Ln Y_Q4_15
Ln Y_Q1_16 = 0.056 + 1.56 = 1.616
The same procedure needs to be applied for Q2 16 and so on. That is,
Ln Y_Q2_16 = Diff_Ln_Y_Q2 16 + Ln Y_Q1_16 (this is the figure already calculated above)
Ln Y_Q2_16 = 0.057 + 1.616 = 1.673
I hope that this cleared things up a bit more.