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Subtract one month from a numeric YYYYMM

Hi,

I have a numeric format column with YYYYMM from which I would like to subtract one month which is fine unless the month is january. How can I make the code for when YYYYMM = XXXX01 then it should subtract 89 instead of 1 inorder to get the right year and month? In other words, how can I tell SAS to only look at the last to digits (ie MM) to decide if it should subtract by 89 or 1?

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Solution
‎07-21-2017 08:35 AM
Super User
Posts: 10,571

Re: Subtract one month from a numeric YYYYMM

First of all, dates and date-related values should always be kept as SAS date values, and formatted as needed.

For months, you store the first of the month and use a format that displays only year and month.

So you first convert your value, and then use the proper function:

``````data want;
set have;
datevar = input(put(datevar,6.)!!'01',yymmdd8.);
format datevar yymmn6.;
datevar = intnx('month',datevar,-1);
run;``````

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All Replies
Super User
Posts: 9,840

Re: Subtract one month from a numeric YYYYMM

Use the SAS function intnx, this takes into account years:

`want=intnx('month',your_date,-1);`
Solution
‎07-21-2017 08:35 AM
Super User
Posts: 10,571

Re: Subtract one month from a numeric YYYYMM

First of all, dates and date-related values should always be kept as SAS date values, and formatted as needed.

For months, you store the first of the month and use a format that displays only year and month.

So you first convert your value, and then use the proper function:

``````data want;
set have;
datevar = input(put(datevar,6.)!!'01',yymmdd8.);
format datevar yymmn6.;
datevar = intnx('month',datevar,-1);
run;``````

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Maxims of Maximally Efficient SAS Programmers
How to convert datasets to data steps
How to post code
New Contributor
Posts: 3

Re: Subtract one month from a numeric YYYYMM

Thank you, this seems to work just fine. Only I need to have the date stored as a numeric since the datawarehouse stores dates as integers. So I've gotten the YYYYMM I needed in date format. How do I get it back to an integer with the same numbers (YYYYMM)?

Super User
Posts: 10,571

Re: Subtract one month from a numeric YYYYMM

[ Edited ]

Just do the conversion to a new variable, so you keep the original one. Although there is absolutely no reason for it. Dates are dates, storing them any other way just causes unnecessary work (you experienced that right here!) and is therefore stupid. I don't advise SAS newbies to do stupid things.

And keep in mind that SAS also stores dates as integers, counting the days from 01-01-1960 in both directions. That's why i could convert in place.

This is also the method used by all database systems and spreadsheet calculators I know of. They just use different basedates (31-12-1899 with most spreadsheet sw).

The yymmn6. format already displays the data the way you want it, so you just need to input that into a number:

``silly_date = input(put(real_date,yymmn6.),6.);``

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Maxims of Maximally Efficient SAS Programmers
How to convert datasets to data steps
How to post code
New Contributor
Posts: 3