N/A
Posts: 1

# Enterprise miner time series forecast

Hello guys!

How doesSAS Enterprise minercalculate the initial values while TimeSeries ExponentialSmoothing node running Multiplicative Seasoning model?

Moreover, where can I find the whole calculation procedure of this node, if possible?

Thank you!

SAS Employee
Posts: 6

## Re: Enterprise miner time series forecast

The initialization and the smoothing process are calculated by PROC ESM (Exponential Smoothing Model). According to the procedure document, here are answers to your questions. You may find more details through links below.

An appropriate choice for the initial smoothing state is made by backcasting from time to to obtain a prediction at . The initialization for the backcast is obtained by regression with constant and linear terms and seasonal dummies (additive or multiplicative) as appropriate for the smoothing model. For models with linear or seasonal terms, the estimates obtained by the regression are used for initial smoothed trend and seasonal factors; however, the initial smoothed level for backcasting is always set to the last observation, .”

### Multiplicative Seasonal Smoothing

In order to use the multiplicative version of seasonal smoothing, the time series and all predictions must be strictly positive.

The model equation for the multiplicative version of seasonal smoothing is

The smoothing equations are

The error-correction form of the smoothing equations is

(Note: For missing values, .)

The k-step prediction equation is

The multiplicative version of seasonal smoothing does not have an ARIMA equivalent; however, when the seasonal variation is small, the ARIMA additive-invertible region of the additive version of seasonal described in the preceding section can approximate the stability region of the multiplicative version.

The variance of the prediction errors is estimated as

where are as described for the additive version of seasonal method, and for .

Discussion stats