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how to array variables longways side by side

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Contributor
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Accepted Solution

how to array variables longways side by side

Hey everyone - I have a dataset where the variables are situated in rows, however, I would like to flip them vertical in order to facilitate the other manipulations I need to do. For example: 

 

Current Structure 

 

X X X X Y Y Y Y Z Z Z Z 

 

I want = 

 

X  Y  Z 

X  Y  Z

X  Y  Z 

X  Y  Z 

 

 

Im using this code: 

 

data all.ap5;
set all.stage9;
array vars{900} VAR11_c1-VAR11_c900;
array vars1{900} VAR25_c1-VAR25_c900;
array vars2{900} VAR34_c1-VAR34_c900;
obs = _n_;
do i = 1 to 900;
var11 = vars{i};
if not missing(var11) then output all.ap5;
end;
do i = 1 to 900;
var25 = vars1{i};
if not missing(var25) then output all.ap5;
end;
do i = 1 to 900;
var34 = vars2{i};
if not missing(var34) then output all.ap5;
end;
drop i var8_c1-var8_c1260 VAR11_c1-VAR11_c1260 VAR12_c1-VAR12_c1260 Participant__Nation_c1-Participant__Nation_c1260
var25_c1-var25_c1260 var26_c1-var26_c1260 VAR32_c1-VAR32_c1260 VAR34_c1-VAR34_c1260 VAR35_c1-VAR35_c1260
VAR36_c1-VAR36_c1260 VAR37_c1-VAR37_c1260 VAR50_c1-VAR50_c1260 VAR54_c1-VAR54_c1260 VAR55_c1-VAR55_c1260
VAR61_c1-VAR61_c1260;
run;

 

 

What it gives me is: 

 

X

X    

     Y 

     Y 

     Y 

     Y 

          Z

          Z

          Z

          Z

 

 

How do I edit the code to get what I need? 

 

 

Thanks in advance 


Accepted Solutions
Solution
‎02-18-2017 03:41 PM
Valued Guide
Posts: 505

Re: how to array variables longways side by side

HAVE

Middle Observation(15 ) of Last dataset = WORK.HAVE - Total Obs 31

1260*3 = 3780 variables

 -- NUMERIC --             VALUE

VAR11_C1        N    8       50
VAR11_C2        N    8       846
VAR11_C3        N    8       671
VAR11_C4        N    8       832
VAR11_C5        N    8       598
VAR11_C6        N    8       96
VAR11_C7        N    8       883
VAR11_C8        N    8       553
VAR11_C9        N    8       679
....
VAR11_C1260     N    8       294
VAR25_C1        N    8       105
VAR25_C2        N    8       934
VAR25_C3        N    8       783
VAR25_C4        N    8       876
'''
VAR25_C1259     N    8       774
VAR25_C1260     N    8       409
VAR34_C1        N    8       408
VAR34_C2        N    8       468
VAR34_C3        N    8       16
VAR34_C4        N    8       455
...
VAR34_C1259     N    8       827
VAR34_C1260     N    8       83

WANT

p to 40 obs WORK.WANT total obs=39,060

 Obs   REC  VAR11    VAR25  VAR34

   1     1     20      578    393
   2     1    613      704    928
   3     1    813      125    369
   4     1    492      514    301
   5     1    802       34    703
   6     1    218      338    986
   7     1    839      114    283
   8     1    549       73     89
   9     1    748      620    457

WORKING CODE

   data want1(keep=rec var11) want2(keep=var25) want3(keep=var34);

   merge want1 want2 want3;
   * no by;

FULL SOLUTION
=============
libname sd1 "d:/sd1"; libname wrk "%sysfunc(pathname(work))"; data have; * create some data; array vars{1260} VAR11_c1-VAR11_c1260; array vars1{1260} VAR25_c1-VAR25_c1260; array vars2{1260} VAR34_c1-VAR34_c1260; do rec=1 to 30; do i=1 to 1260; vars[i]=int(1000*uniform(5731)); vars1[i]=int(1000*uniform(5731)); vars2[i]=int(1000*uniform(5731)); end; drop i rec; output; end; output; run;quit; data want1(keep=rec var11) want2(keep=var25) want3(keep=var34); retain rec; set have; array vars{1260} VAR11_c1-VAR11_c1260; array vars1{1260} VAR25_c1-VAR25_c1260; array vars2{1260} VAR34_c1-VAR34_c1260; rec = _n_; do i = 1 to 1260; var11 = vars{i}; output want1; end; do i = 1 to 1260; var25 = vars1{i}; output want2; end; do i = 1 to 1260; var34 = vars2{i}; output want3; end; drop i VAR11_C1-VAR11_C1260 VAR25_C1-VAR25_C1260 VAR34_C1-VAR34_C1260; run; data wrk.want; merge want1 want2 want3; * no by; if sum(var11,var25,var34)=0 then delete; run;quit; proc print data=want; run;quit; Obs REC VAR11 VAR25 VAR34 1 1 20 578 393 2 1 613 704 928 3 1 813 125 369 4 1 492 514 301 5 1 802 34 703 6 1 218 338 986 7 1 839 114 283 8 1 549 73 89 9 1 748 620 457

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Super User
Posts: 10,497

Re: how to array variables longways side by side

I think you were pretty close if I understand your goal. Look at this:

data all.ap5;
   set all.stage9;
   array vars{900} VAR11_c1-VAR11_c900;
   array vars1{900} VAR25_c1-VAR25_c900;
   array vars2{900} VAR34_c1-VAR34_c900;
   obs = _n_;
   do i = 1 to 900;
      var11 = vars{i};
      var25 = vars1{i};
      var34 = vars2{i};
      output all.ap5;
   end;
   drop i var8_c1-var8_c1260 VAR11_c1-VAR11_c1260 VAR12_c1-VAR12_c1260 Participant__Nation_c1-Participant__Nation_c1260
   var25_c1-var25_c1260 var26_c1-var26_c1260 VAR32_c1-VAR32_c1260 VAR34_c1-VAR34_c1260 VAR35_c1-VAR35_c1260
   VAR36_c1-VAR36_c1260 VAR37_c1-VAR37_c1260 VAR50_c1-VAR50_c1260 VAR54_c1-VAR54_c1260 VAR55_c1-VAR55_c1260
   VAR61_c1-VAR61_c1260;
run;

Note that it is a good idea to post code and log results in a code box opened with the {i} menu icon to prevent the message window from reformatting when pasted here.

 

 

The numbers of variables in your data set is somewhat troubling to me. That is a LOT of variables.

Solution
‎02-18-2017 03:41 PM
Valued Guide
Posts: 505

Re: how to array variables longways side by side

HAVE

Middle Observation(15 ) of Last dataset = WORK.HAVE - Total Obs 31

1260*3 = 3780 variables

 -- NUMERIC --             VALUE

VAR11_C1        N    8       50
VAR11_C2        N    8       846
VAR11_C3        N    8       671
VAR11_C4        N    8       832
VAR11_C5        N    8       598
VAR11_C6        N    8       96
VAR11_C7        N    8       883
VAR11_C8        N    8       553
VAR11_C9        N    8       679
....
VAR11_C1260     N    8       294
VAR25_C1        N    8       105
VAR25_C2        N    8       934
VAR25_C3        N    8       783
VAR25_C4        N    8       876
'''
VAR25_C1259     N    8       774
VAR25_C1260     N    8       409
VAR34_C1        N    8       408
VAR34_C2        N    8       468
VAR34_C3        N    8       16
VAR34_C4        N    8       455
...
VAR34_C1259     N    8       827
VAR34_C1260     N    8       83

WANT

p to 40 obs WORK.WANT total obs=39,060

 Obs   REC  VAR11    VAR25  VAR34

   1     1     20      578    393
   2     1    613      704    928
   3     1    813      125    369
   4     1    492      514    301
   5     1    802       34    703
   6     1    218      338    986
   7     1    839      114    283
   8     1    549       73     89
   9     1    748      620    457

WORKING CODE

   data want1(keep=rec var11) want2(keep=var25) want3(keep=var34);

   merge want1 want2 want3;
   * no by;

FULL SOLUTION
=============
libname sd1 "d:/sd1"; libname wrk "%sysfunc(pathname(work))"; data have; * create some data; array vars{1260} VAR11_c1-VAR11_c1260; array vars1{1260} VAR25_c1-VAR25_c1260; array vars2{1260} VAR34_c1-VAR34_c1260; do rec=1 to 30; do i=1 to 1260; vars[i]=int(1000*uniform(5731)); vars1[i]=int(1000*uniform(5731)); vars2[i]=int(1000*uniform(5731)); end; drop i rec; output; end; output; run;quit; data want1(keep=rec var11) want2(keep=var25) want3(keep=var34); retain rec; set have; array vars{1260} VAR11_c1-VAR11_c1260; array vars1{1260} VAR25_c1-VAR25_c1260; array vars2{1260} VAR34_c1-VAR34_c1260; rec = _n_; do i = 1 to 1260; var11 = vars{i}; output want1; end; do i = 1 to 1260; var25 = vars1{i}; output want2; end; do i = 1 to 1260; var34 = vars2{i}; output want3; end; drop i VAR11_C1-VAR11_C1260 VAR25_C1-VAR25_C1260 VAR34_C1-VAR34_C1260; run; data wrk.want; merge want1 want2 want3; * no by; if sum(var11,var25,var34)=0 then delete; run;quit; proc print data=want; run;quit; Obs REC VAR11 VAR25 VAR34 1 1 20 578 393 2 1 613 704 928 3 1 813 125 369 4 1 492 514 301 5 1 802 34 703 6 1 218 338 986 7 1 839 114 283 8 1 549 73 89 9 1 748 620 457
Contributor
Posts: 50

Re: how to array variables longways side by side

Finally figured it out. Thanks guys - I used rogerjdean's code and added  'if not missing(var) then' before each output. Thanks for your patience. 

Contributor
Posts: 50

Re: how to array variables longways side by side

[ Edited ]

Ballard, 

 

data all.ap5;
   set all.stage9;
   array vars{900} VAR11_c1-VAR11_c900;
   array vars1{900} VAR25_c1-VAR25_c900;
   array vars2{900} VAR34_c1-VAR34_c900;
   obs = _n_;
   do i = 1 to 900;
      var11 = vars{i};
      var25 = vars1{i};
      var34 = vars2{i};
      output all.ap5;
   end;
   drop i var8_c1-var8_c1260 VAR11_c1-VAR11_c1260 VAR12_c1-VAR12_c1260 Participant__Nation_c1-Participant__Nation_c1260
   var25_c1-var25_c1260 var26_c1-var26_c1260 VAR32_c1-VAR32_c1260 VAR34_c1-VAR34_c1260 VAR35_c1-VAR35_c1260
   VAR36_c1-VAR36_c1260 VAR37_c1-VAR37_c1260 VAR50_c1-VAR50_c1260 VAR54_c1-VAR54_c1260 VAR55_c1-VAR55_c1260
   VAR61_c1-VAR61_c1260;
run;

 

 

 

 

Thanks for this. However, the 'if not missing' part is critical to my code - is there a way to incorporate this in the code you offered?

Super User
Posts: 10,497

Re: how to array variables longways side by side

I don't know your logic so you'll have to incorporate but if you require ALL of the variables to be not missing:

 

if nmiss(var11,var25,var34) = 0 then output;

may be one way.

 

Previously you were looking at individual values so

Contributor
Posts: 50

Re: how to array variables longways side by side

Okay I tried..

data all.ap5;
set all.stage9;
array vars{900} VAR11_c1-VAR11_c900;
array vars1{900} VAR25_c1-VAR25_c900;
array vars2{900} VAR34_c1-VAR34_c900;
obs = _n_;
do i = 1 to 900;
var11 = vars{i};
var25 = vars1{i};
var34 = vars2{i};
if nmiss(var11,var25,var34) = 0 thenoutput all.ap5;
end;
drop i var8_c1-var8_c1260 VAR11_c1-VAR11_c1260 VAR12_c1-VAR12_c1260 Participant__Nation_c1-Participant__Nation_c1260
var25_c1-var25_c1260 var26_c1-var26_c1260 VAR32_c1-VAR32_c1260 VAR34_c1-VAR34_c1260 VAR35_c1-VAR35_c1260
VAR36_c1-VAR36_c1260 VAR37_c1-VAR37_c1260 VAR50_c1-VAR50_c1260 VAR54_c1-VAR54_c1260 VAR55_c1-VAR55_c1260
VAR61_c1-VAR61_c1260;
run;



Unfortunately, that doesn't work. The three variables are character variables with a either a "Yes" or "No" in them (or blank, that's why I need to drop the missings).
PROC Star
Posts: 1,091

Re: how to array variables longways side by side

And then there's always good old PROC TRANSPOSE:

 

proc transpose data=work.have out=work.Inter1;

var VAR11_c1-VAR11_c900 VAR25_c1-VAR25_c900 VAR34_c1-VAR34_c900;

run;

data Inter1(drop=_NAME_);

length ColClass $10;

set Inter1;

ColClass = substr(_NAME_, 1, 7);

run;

proc sort data=work.Inter1;

by ColClass;

run;

proc transpose data=work.Inter1 out=Inter2;

by ColClass;

var Col1;

run;

proc transpose data=work.Inter2(drop=_NAME_) out=Want;

run;

Super User
Posts: 9,676

Re: how to array variables longways side by side

It is very easy for IML code.

 

 

data have;
input (v1-v12) ($);
cards;
X X X X Y Y Y Y Z Z Z Z 
;
run;
proc iml;
use have;
read all var _all_ into x;
close;
want=shapecol(x,0,3);
create want from want;
append from want;
close;
quit;

 

Contributor
Posts: 50

Re: how to array variables longways side by side

Thanks guys - I've tried various versions of the code everyone has given me, but it's still not quite what I need. Perhaps it's because I'm not very advanced with SAS, but let me reiterate what I'm looking for because I must've not explained well. My data structure is like this 

 

X . . . X X Y . Y Y . . Z . . Z Z 

 

I need it to be like this 

X  Y  Z 

X  Y  Z 

X  Y  Z 

 

 

when I use this code: 

 

data all.ap5;
set all.stage9;
array vars{900} VAR11_c1-VAR11_c900;
obs = _n_; 
do i = 1 to 900;
	var11 = vars{i};
	if not missing(var11) then output all.ap5;
	end;
drop i var8_c1-var8_c1260 VAR11_c1-VAR11_c1260 VAR12_c1-VAR12_c1260 Participant__Nation_c1-Participant__Nation_c1260
var25_c1-var25_c1260 var26_c1-var26_c1260 VAR32_c1-VAR32_c1260 VAR34_c1-VAR34_c1260 VAR35_c1-VAR35_c1260
VAR36_c1-VAR36_c1260 VAR37_c1-VAR37_c1260  VAR50_c1-VAR50_c1260 VAR54_c1-VAR54_c1260 VAR55_c1-VAR55_c1260 
VAR61_c1-VAR61_c1260;
run;

It gives me exactly what I need. However, instead of doing it for just one variable. I want to do it for the three variables at the same time, so I tried something like: 

 

data all.test;
set all.stage8;
array vars{1440} VAR55_c1-VAR55_c1440;
array vars1{1440} VAR61_c1-VAR61_c1440;
obs = _n_; 
do i = 1 to 1440;
	var55 = vars{i};
	if not missing(var55) then output all.test;
	end;
do i = 1 to 1440;
	var61 = vars1{i};
	if not missing(var61) then output all.test;
	end;
drop i VAR55_c1-VAR55_c1440 VAR61_c1-VAR61_c1440;
run;

However, that does not work how I need it to.. 

 

If someone could point me in the right direction that would be great. 

 

The variables I'm arraying are character variables with either a "Yes" or "No" as their values. 

 

Thank you,

R

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