## find the shortest distance between terms within text

Regular Contributor
Posts: 155

# find the shortest distance between terms within text

[ Edited ]

Hello Experts,

For unknown reason, my OP was deleted.

I will post my question here again.

if I have a table below:

ID                  text              term

1                  ABCAB             A

1                  ABCAB             B

I want to find the shortest distance between terms within same ID.

P.S same ID would have same text

For example: in the first record I have ID=1 text=ABC  term=A , in the second record I have ID=1 text=ABC and term=B

I want to compare A with A, and A with B, and B with B for ID=1

the position of first A is 1, the second A has a position of 4 so the distance between A with A is 4-1=3

the position of first A is 1, the first B has a position=2, the second B has a position=5

so the distance between first A with first B is 2-1=1 and the distance between first A with second B is 5-1=4 so shortest distance between A with B is 1

the position of second A is 4, the position of first B is 2 so the distance is 2-4=-2,

the position of second A is 4, the position of second B is 5 so the distance is 5-4=1

etc.

so the final table should look like:

ID             term1   term2   shortest distance

1               A           A              1

1                A          B               1

1                B          B              3

Regular Contributor
Posts: 155

## Find the shortest distance between terms within text

Hello Experts,

For unknown reason, my OP was deleted.

I will post my question here again.

if I have a table below:

ID                  text              term

1                  ABCAB             A

1                  ABCAB             B

I want to find the shortest distance between terms within same ID.

P.S same ID would have same text

For example: in the first record I have ID=1 text=ABC  term=A , in the second record I have ID=1 text=ABC and term=B

I want to compare A with A, and A with B, and B with B for ID=1

the position of first A is 1, the second A has a position of 4 so the distance between A with A is 4-1=3

the position of first A is 1, the first B has a position=2, the second B has a position=5

so the distance between first A with first B is 2-1=1 and the distance between first A with second B is 5-1=4 so shortest distance between A with B is 1

the position of second A is 4, the position of first B is 2 so the distance is 2-4=-2,

the position of second A is 4, the position of second B is 5 so the distance is 5-4=1

etc.

so the final table should look like:

ID             term1   term2   shortest distance

1               A           A              1

1                A          B               1

1                B          B              1

Thanks

Super User
Posts: 10,571

## Re: Find the shortest distance between terms within text

Regular Contributor
Posts: 155

## Re: Find the shortest distance between terms within text

Ah...I received a message saying that post was deleted...

Super User
Posts: 9,840

## Re: find the shortest distance between terms within text

Right, well your post is quite confusing, and do remember to post test data in the form of a datastep in future.  This shold start you off:

```data have;
input id text \$ term \$;
datalines;
1 ABCAB A
1 ABCAB B
;
run;

data want;
set have;
do i=1 to lengthn(text);
dist=999;
do j=i to lengthn(text);
if char(text,i)=char(text,j) and j-i < dist then dist=j-1;
end;
end;
run;```

So you see you can loop over a string, which is just an array of characters.

Regular Contributor
Posts: 155

## Re: find the shortest distance between terms within text

sorry for the confusion, I have modified the question in accordance to my other post (same question). I hope this helps to clarify.

Super User
Posts: 2,512

## Re: find the shortest distance between terms within text

How is the B-B distance 1?

Regular Contributor
Posts: 155

## Re: find the shortest distance between terms within text

sorry it was typo.....it is fixed now!

Super User
Posts: 2,512

## Re: find the shortest distance between terms within text

Like this?

``````data HAVE;
input ID TEXT \$ TERM \$;
cards;
1 ABCAB A
1 ABCAB B
run;
data WANT;
retain TERMS;
length TERMS \$80;
set HAVE;
by ID;
if first.ID then TERMS='';
if not findw(TERMS,trim(TERM)) then TERMS=catx(' ', TERMS, TERM);
if last.ID then do I=1 to countw(TERMS,' ');
do J=1 to countw(TERMS,' ');
TERM1 =scan(TERMS, I);
TERM2 =scan(TERMS, J);
DIST  =1e9;
POS1  =0 ;
do until(POS1=0|POS2=0);
POS1=find(TEXT,trim(TERM1),POS1+1);
POS2=find(TEXT,trim(TERM2),POS1+1);
if POS1 & POS2 then DIST=min(DIST,POS2-POS1);
end;
output;
end;
end;
run;
proc print noobs;
var ID TERM1 TERM2 DIST;
run;

``````
ID TERM1 TERM2 DIST
1 A A 3
1 A B 1
1 B A 2
1 B B 3

Regular Contributor
Posts: 155

## Re: find the shortest distance between terms within text

the shorted distance between A and B or B and A should be same both =1

Super User
Posts: 2,512

## Re: find the shortest distance between terms within text

I think I got you close enough.

Just do a quick post-processing step if needed.

Regular Contributor
Posts: 155

## Re: find the shortest distance between terms within text

HI I realise there is a small issue with the code and I modified below:

data want;

retain terms;

length terms \$32767;

set troy;

by source_key_value1;

if first.source_key_value1 then

terms='';

if not findw(terms,trim(upcase(term))) then

terms=catx(' ', upcase(terms), upcase(term));

if last.source_key_value1 then

do i=1 to countw(upcase(upcase(terms)),' ');

do j=1 to countw(upcase(terms),' ');

term1 =scan(upcase(terms), i);

term2 =scan(upcase(terms), j);

dist =999999;

pos1 =0;

pos2 =0;

do until(pos1=0 or pos2=0);

pos1=find(compress(msg1),trim(upcase(term1)),pos1+1);

if upcase(term1)=upcase(term2) then

pos2=pos1;

pos2=find(compress(msg1),trim(upcase(term2)),pos2+1);

if pos1 & pos2 then

dist=min(dist,abs(pos2-pos1));

end;

output;

end;

end;

run;

Super User
Posts: 2,512

## Re: find the shortest distance between terms within text

There are no issues with the code and it did axactly what you requested.

If you have length and case to take into account, use the find() function's modifiers:  find(V1,V2,'it') -rather than upcase() and compress() and trim()- to make more legible code.

Valued Guide
Posts: 2,191

## Re: find the shortest distance between terms within text

Will there ever be more than two terms for an ID?
Is there a text length limit? Is it 5 characters or more?
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