call routine vs function

Reply
Occasional Contributor
Posts: 5

call routine vs function

Hello,

 

I'm relatively new to SAS and am not able to understand why I cannot use call routines in assignment statements or expressions. Could someone please explain why? Thanks!

Super User
Posts: 21,527

Re: call routine vs function

The syntax is different. The assignment portion of a CALL routine is usually included in the CALL rather than as an assignment.

 


vseshad wrote:

Hello,

 

I'm relatively new to SAS and am not able to understand why I cannot use call routines in assignment statements or expressions. Could someone please explain why? Thanks!


 

Super User
Posts: 12,148

Re: call routine vs function

An assignment statement requires a single value:

 

X = (something that resolves to a single value);

Many of the Call routines do not return single values OR have as one of their parameters the name of a variable to place the result in.

Example:

Call missing ( a, b, c, var1, var2); Sets each of the variables in the parameter list to missing.

call cats(answer, x, y, z); concatenates the variables x, y and z placing the result into Answer. similar to: Answer = cats(x,y,z);

 

Several call routines provide additional functionality to a similar function such as CALL SCAN that not only returns a "word" but can return the position and length of the returned word in separate variables. (Note multiple results again AND result parameters)

 

Some other call routines set or remove information used by other functions or call routines such as Call Prxfree frees memory. Some routines set properties for variables such as Call Label.  These would not be good candidates for assignments in any case.

 

 

So, which specific Call routine are you attempting to use in assignment statements?

 

 

 

Occasional Contributor
Posts: 5

Re: call routine vs function

Thank you so much for your explanation. I don’t have a specific routine that I want to use but was rather just trying to understand why I couldn’t use it. Thanks again.
Occasional Contributor
Posts: 5

Re: call routine vs function

Thank you for answering my question
Ask a Question
Discussion stats
  • 4 replies
  • 134 views
  • 4 likes
  • 3 in conversation