## How to combine empty datasets

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Frequent Contributor
Posts: 130

# How to combine empty datasets

data want;

set have_1 - have_100;

run;

I have 100 datasets, have_1 - have_100 (each have 3 observations and 10 variables), and the order of the datasets is important.

However, some of those 100 datasets are empty which only contain 10 variable names but have no observation.

For example, have_1, have_10, have_23, and have_62 are empty datasets (I don't know which one/s is empty datasets).

The  dataset want generated by above code only include 288 observations, and since those 4 empty datasets are not included, the order of the observations in dataset want is now all wrong.

Any options to also merge those 4 empty datasets into dataset want and assign those 4 empty datasets with either 0 or missing value, so that the resulted dataset want will have 300 observation in the original order (of them 12 observations with 0 or missing value)?

Thanks!

Above is something what I want. If dataset 1 and dataset 4 are not included, then dataset 2 will be the first, dastset 3 then will be 2nd, and datset 5 will be 3rd, etc., that is not what I want.

Accepted Solutions
Solution
‎08-14-2014 07:03 PM
Posts: 3,852

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

If you want to create a variable with the data set name you can use the INDSNAME option on the set statement.  You can also create an index if you like.

data have_1 have_2 have_3 have_4 have_5;
set sashelp.class(obs=1);
do x = 1 to 3;

output have_1 have_3 have_5;
end;

run;
proc sql noprint;

select memname into :zero separated by ' '

from dictionary.tables

where libname eq 'WORK' and memname eqt 'HAVE_' and nobs eq 0;

quit;

run;
%put NOTE: &=zero;
data &zero;
do _n_ = 1 to 3;

output;

end;

stop;

set &zero;
run;
data b;
set have_1-have5 open=defer indsname=indsname;
dataname = indsname;

if lag(indsname) ne indsname then datanumber + 1;

run;

proc print;

run;

All Replies
Super User
Posts: 13,508

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

You need to describe how the "order of the observations in dataset want is now all wrong". Also provide an example of what you think should be in the final data set when one of the input sets has 0 observations.

I suspect what you may be asking for is

1) identify the datasets with 0 observations

2) modify those datasets so they have exactly 3 observations with all missing values or all 0 vakyes

3) then append the data.

is that what you're looking for?

Frequent Contributor
Posts: 130

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

That is very close to what I thought. my question is now updated. Thanks!

Posts: 3,852

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

I don't think there is any way to detect EOF on individual data sets concatenated in a SET statement but you can "easily" add obs with all missing values to the data with zero obs.

data a1 a2 a3 a4 a5;
set sashelp.class(obs=1);
do x = 1 to 3;

output a1 a3 a5;
end;

run;
proc sql noprint;

select memname into :zero separated by ' '

from dictionary.tables

where libname eq 'WORK' and memname eqt 'A' and nobs eq 0;

quit;

run;
%put NOTE: &=zero;
data &zero;
do _n_ = 1 to 3;

output;

end;

stop;

set &zero;
*retain _numeric_ 0;

run;
data b;
set a1-a5 open=defer;
run;
proc print;

run;
Frequent Contributor
Posts: 130

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

Posted in reply to data_null__

Thank you,data_null_;  ! I will try this code

Solution
‎08-14-2014 07:03 PM
Posts: 3,852

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

If you want to create a variable with the data set name you can use the INDSNAME option on the set statement.  You can also create an index if you like.

data have_1 have_2 have_3 have_4 have_5;
set sashelp.class(obs=1);
do x = 1 to 3;

output have_1 have_3 have_5;
end;

run;
proc sql noprint;

select memname into :zero separated by ' '

from dictionary.tables

where libname eq 'WORK' and memname eqt 'HAVE_' and nobs eq 0;

quit;

run;
%put NOTE: &=zero;
data &zero;
do _n_ = 1 to 3;

output;

end;

stop;

set &zero;
run;
data b;
set have_1-have5 open=defer indsname=indsname;
dataname = indsname;

if lag(indsname) ne indsname then datanumber + 1;

run;

proc print;

run;
Frequent Contributor
Posts: 130

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

Posted in reply to data_null__

When I try the code on my datasets, I encountered the following problem. Then I shorten the length of those datasets' name, I found that if dataset's name is longer than 5 characters, then the same problem will occur. e.g. if dataset's name is something like bb_100, then the following problem will occur, if dataset's name is like b_100, then the code works great! (SAS 9.3 TS Level 1M1 in Win7 Enterprise system)

SAS LOG:

121  proc sql noprint;

122     select memname into :zero separated by ' '

123        from

124  dictionary.tables

125        where libname eq 'WORK' and memname eq 'have_m_' and nobs eq 0;

NOTE: No rows were selected.

Another problem is that, datasets in work folder are ordered in the way as following showed, anyway to make those datasets in numeric order, so work.M_1 is followed by work.M_2, then work.M_3, only then datanumber=2 will represent work.M_2, rather than work.M_10 as below showed. (or maybe I should first extract numbers from dataname and sort, then generate a new datanumber)

Posts: 3,852

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

This is using the wrong operator MEMNAME EQT 'HAVE_M_'

where libname eq 'WORK' and memname eq 'have_m_' and nobs eq 0;

EQ should be EQT

where libname eq 'WORK' and memname eqT 'have_m_' and nobs eq 0;

For the second problem you will need to use a numeric RANGE in the set statement to get the proper order.

set have_m_1-have_m_102

Posts: 3,852

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

Posted in reply to data_null__

Another way to obtain the proper order and still use prefix list HAVE_M_: is to use leading zeros in the number part.  0001 0102 etc.

The advantage of the prefix list is that you don't need to know how many.

Frequent Contributor
Posts: 130

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

Posted in reply to data_null__

Thanks a lot! the second problem solved by using

set m_1-m_265 open=defer indsname=indsname;

The first question is still there, but I think it is my computer's problem. code will not work if datasets' name with prefix 'have_m_', and it works if I shorten the prefix as 'm_'

SAS LOG

******if dataset name has prefix 'have_m_'

119  proc sql noprint;

120     select memname into :zero separated by ' '

121        from

122  dictionary.tables

123        where libname eq 'WORK' and memname eqt 'have_m_' and nobs eq 0;

NOTE: No rows were selected.

124     quit;

NOTE: PROCEDURE SQL used (Total process time):

real time           0.03 seconds

cpu time            0.04 seconds

******if dataset name has prefix 'm_'

119  proc sql noprint;

120     select memname into :zero separated by ' '

121        from

122  dictionary.tables

123        where libname eq 'WORK' and memname eqt 'm_' and nobs eq 0;

124     quit;

NOTE: PROCEDURE SQL used (Total process time):

real time           0.16 seconds

cpu time            0.17 seconds

Posts: 3,852

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

I did not notice before but you have lower case 'have_m_' the value of MEMNAME is always upper case for SAS data sets.  That should get the subset of data sets with zero obs.

Frequent Contributor
Posts: 130

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

Posted in reply to data_null__

THANKS! problem solved.

looks like if prefix is 'm_' then lowercase is fine, but if prefix is longer than that, it then must be in uppercase.

133  proc sql noprint;

134     select memname into :zero separated by ' '

135        from

136  dictionary.tables

137        where libname eq 'WORK' and memname eqt 'HAVE_M_' and nobs eq 0;

138     quit;

NOTE: PROCEDURE SQL used (Total process time):

real time           0.18 seconds

cpu time            0.18 seconds

Super User
Posts: 10,766

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

SET them all together , and insert the missing table's obs .

```data have_1 have_2 have_3 have_4 have_5;
set sashelp.class(obs=1);
do x = 1 to 3;
output have_1  have_5;
end;
run;

data temp(drop=x);
length dsn \$ 40 ;
set have_1-have_5 indsname=indsname;
dsn=indsname;
n=input(scan(dsn,-1,'_'),best32.);
run;
data want(drop=n _n i j);
merge temp temp(keep=n rename=(n=_n) firstobs=2);
output;
do i=n+1 to ifn(_n=.,0,_n-1);
dsn=catx('_',scan(dsn,1,'_'),i);
do j=1 to 3;
call missing(name,sex,age,height,weight);
output;
end;
end;
run;

```

Xia Keshan

Frequent Contributor
Posts: 130

## Re: How to combine empty datasets

Thank you Ksharp for your idea!

🔒 This topic is solved and locked.

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