Contributor
Posts: 42

# Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

[ Edited ]

Hi everyone,

I have a company ID - year panel data of various variables. Now I have to find the maximum (minimum) values of variable ATQ (total asset) of a company from year 0 (year 0 is firm's beginning year in dataset) to year t (current year).

For example: Let say that I created a new variable MaxATQ. For company ID 001001, the value of MaxATQ in 30/6/1983 is equal to the maximum value of ATQ (of that company) from 31/3/1983 (year 0) to 30/6/1983 (year t). And so on, value of MaxATQ in 30/9/1983 is equal to the maximum value of ATQ from 31/3/1983 to 30/9/1983.

I have been searching the Internet whole day and can not find anything. So could anyone please give me some clue on this? Thank you very much

 gvkey datadate Company COGSQ STD 1001 19830331 A 1.258 NA 1001 19830630 A 1.4 std from QI/1983 to QII/1983 1001 19830930 A 1.5 std from QI/1983 to QIII/1983 1001 19831231 A 1.6 …….. …… ……. ……. 1001 19860331 A 2.3 1002 19840430 B 3.5 1002 19840731 B 6.5 ….. …… ….. …..
Posts: 1,831

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

You can use PROC MEANS with option:  max = maxATQ  and

CLASS company ID;

VAR ATq;

WHERE datadate between <date created> and <current date>;

Contributor
Posts: 42

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

Thank you, I tried but it didn't work

My code is:

proc means data=practice;

max(atq)= max_atq;

class GVKEY;

var atq;

where datadate between <date created> and <current date>;

run;

I dont understand the part <date created> and <current date>. What am I supposed to put into <date created> and <current date>? Because each company has different beginning date. Company 1 data begins at 31/3/1983, company 2 begins at 31/3/1982

Posts: 1,831

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

Assuming company created date is the lowest value of datadate and current date is the latest one - then you can

just ignore and cancel the where clause.

Did the code worked after removing the where statement ?

if negative - explain what happend and post the log.

Contributor
Posts: 42

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

[ Edited ]

It still doesnt work when I remove the where statement

The log file below:

data practice;
set 'c:\mysaslib\firms.sas7bdat';

NOTE: There were 1522473 observations read from the data set c:\mysaslib\firms.sas7bdat.
NOTE: The data set WORK.PRACTICE has 1522473 observations and 25 variables.
NOTE: DATA statement used (Total process time):
real time           0.35 seconds
cpu time            0.35 seconds

138  proc means data=practice;
139  max(atq)=max_atq;
---
180
ERROR 180-322: Statement is not valid or it is used out of proper order.
140  class GVKEY;
141  var atq;
142  run;

NOTE: The SAS System stopped processing this step because of errors.
NOTE: PROCEDURE MEANS used (Total process time):
real time           0.00 seconds
cpu time            0.00 seconds

Posts: 1,831

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

Try next code with the right syntax:

``````proc means data=practice  ;
output out=want    max(atq)=max_atq;
class GVKEY;
var atq;
run;``````
Contributor
Posts: 42

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

[ Edited ]

Hi. It works but it produces the maximum value of each company for the entire date range, which is not what I need to do

So the problem is: for each company i:

at t=1: I need to find the maximum value of ATQ from t=0 to t=1

at t=2: Max ATQ from t=0 to t=2

at t=3: Max ATQ from t=0 to t=3

and so on .....

at t=T: Max ATQ from t=0 to t=T

So basically the date range (to find max value) expands when time progress. And I need to find different maximum values of ATQ corresponding with different time range (0 to 1, 0 to 2, 0 to 3, ...... , 0 to T)

I think I need to do some kind of loop?. But I can not find any information on how to do it

Posts: 1,831

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

What do you mean by t= ?

Is it - first year, first 2 years, first 3 years etc ?

If positive then the use of a data step will be more usefull then proc means:

``````proc sort data=practice; by GVKEY datadate; run;
data temp;
run;
data want;
set temp;
by gvkey year;
retain maxATQ;
if first.gvkey then maxATQ = ATQ;
maxATQ = max(maxATQ, ATQ);
if last.year then output;
run;``````
Valued Guide
Posts: 2,191

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

you might adapt a solution I offered earlier https://communities.sas.com/t5/General-SAS-Programming/Estimate-standard-deviation-quarter-by-quarte...

That delivered progressively, the STD() for a number stream within each company, over time

Valued Guide
Posts: 2,191

Contributor
Posts: 42

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

Yes, that's exacly what I mean.

I need to find maximum value in the first year, first 2 years, first 3 years .... and finally the entire time range.

Thank you for giving me some clue. I will try it and give you some feedback as soon as possible
Super User
Posts: 6,642

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

It's a little puzzling what you are looking for, since you don't actually illustrate what the outcome should be.  You describe the problem in terms of years.  But the date values you use to illustrate are quarters.

Since your data set is in order by GVKEY DATADATE, here is a program that may help.

data want;

set have;

by gvkey;

if first.gvkey then max_atq = atq;

else max_atq = max(max_atq, atq);

retain max_atq;

run;

Note that you can have many observations per DATADATE.  But the MAX_ATQ value is the max found so far.  Therefore, it can be different for two observations having the same DATADATE.

This program will move you in the right direction.  To make the requirements clearer, you will need to provide easier to read data, and a sample of what you picture the result to be (especially when you have two identical DATADATE values for the same GVKEY).  Then you can get a better suggested solution.

Contributor
Posts: 42

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

[ Edited ]

Hi astounding and shmuel. Your code works.

But Now I have to calculate standard deviation of variable X from quarter I/1983 to quarter II/1983, and then quarter I/1983 to quarter III/1983, and so on.....

It just like before:

at t=1, I need to find standard deviation of X from t=0 to t=1

at t=2, std of X from t=0 to t=2

and so on,

Do you have any idea how to do this? Because the previous code could not applied in this case

Contributor
Posts: 42

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

I just posted a sample of my dataset. So could anyone help me please?

Posts: 1,831

## Re: Find maximum value from year 0 to year t continuously

Maybe there are some economical or statistical procedures that I'm not familiar with.

You can use the same logic as in computing the maxATQ in order to calculate the standard deviation

using its formula which I dont remeber exactly, that is something like:

- retain  sum_x - sum of variable  x

sum_sqr_x - sum the squares of variable x

- then compute the STD using those sums retained and _N_ as cumulative number of observations

If you have one observation per qurter then just output each with the last computed values.

if you want comulative per whole years - output it on last.year - as in my post for maxATQ.

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