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# sum function and missing value

Hi all,

I am trying to sum all values of some variables.

Variables acd,bcd,.......ocd have either a value of 1,0, or missing

So in order to get the total, I used the sum function.

data total;
set start;
count= sum(acd, bcd, ccd, dcd, ecd, fcd, gcd, hcd, icd, jcd, kcd, lcd, mcd, ncd, ocd);
run;

But  I get an error message  on the log saying

Missing values were generated as a result of performing an operation on missing values

What is wrong with my sum statement?

thanks

Accepted Solutions
Solution
‎12-13-2017 07:07 PM
PROC Star
Posts: 1,603

## Re: sum function and missing value

[ Edited ]

sure try the subsetting if before you sum:

if cmiss(of a--c) eq 0

data have;
input a b c;
datalines;
1 2 3
4 . 6
. . .
;

data want;
set have;
if cmiss(of a--c) eq 0;
sum=sum(a,b,c);
run;

And if you want to keep the records with missing values in your output, then-->

data want;
set have;
if cmiss(of a--c) eq 0 then sum=sum(a,b,c);
run;

All Replies
PROC Star
Posts: 1,603

## Re: sum function and missing value

[ Edited ]

That's not an error. That's merely a NOTE in the log. This happens when all of those variables specified as arguments to sum function have missing values. Take a look below

data have;
input a b c;
datalines;
1 2 3
4 . 6
. . .
;

data want;
set have;
sum=sum(a,b,c);
run;

Try running the second time by removing the last dataline in HAVE. You'll understand

And if you do not want such notes, set nonotes system option

Contributor
Posts: 29

## Re: sum function and missing value

Thanks. now I understand what is happening. Is it possible to write a statement to ignore rows with missing values and add other rows that have some 1s and 0s? so that I can skip rows with all missing values?

Solution
‎12-13-2017 07:07 PM
PROC Star
Posts: 1,603

## Re: sum function and missing value

[ Edited ]

sure try the subsetting if before you sum:

if cmiss(of a--c) eq 0

data have;
input a b c;
datalines;
1 2 3
4 . 6
. . .
;

data want;
set have;
if cmiss(of a--c) eq 0;
sum=sum(a,b,c);
run;

And if you want to keep the records with missing values in your output, then-->

data want;
set have;
if cmiss(of a--c) eq 0 then sum=sum(a,b,c);
run;

PROC Star
Posts: 8,150

## Re: sum function and missing value

One slight(?) correction to @novinosrin's suggested code. cmiss counts the number of missing values so what you'd want is:

```data want;
set have;
if cmiss(acd, bcd, ccd, dcd, ecd, fcd, gcd, hcd, icd, jcd, kcd, lcd, mcd, ncd, ocd) ne 15
then sum=sum(acd, bcd, ccd, dcd, ecd, fcd, gcd, hcd, icd, jcd, kcd, lcd, mcd, ncd, ocd);
run;
```

However, if your variables are in the same order as shown above, you could use the same type of variable list used in that suggested code, namely:

```data want;
set have;
if cmiss(of acd--ocd) ne 3 then sum=sum(of acd--ocd);
run;
```

Art, CEO, AnalystFinder.com

PROC Star
Posts: 8,150

## Re: sum function and missing value

Of course you could also use the opposite of nmiss, namely:

```data want;
set have;
if n(of acd--ocd) ne 0 then sum=sum(of acd--ocd);
run;
```

Art, CEO, AnalystFinder.com

Super User
Posts: 6,642

## Re: sum function and missing value

A few things to consider ...

First, the DATA step sums values within a single observation.  Is that what you want, or do you want a sum each variable separately, across all observations?

Second, SUM returns a missing value when all the incoming values are missing.  That's what gets you the note in the log.  You could add one more argument to the SUM function, adding 0 to the list of values being summed.

Finally, if you want each variable summed individually across all observations, it is easy to use PROC MEANS:

proc means data=have;

var acd bcd ccd dcd ecd fcd gcd hcd icd jcd kcd lcd mcd ncd ocd;

output out=save_in_a_data_set_also sum=;

run;

proc print data=save_in_a_data_set_also;

run;

Contributor
Posts: 29

## Re: sum function and missing value

I am trying to sum all variables per each ID and create a variable for that
So the data have
ID acd bcd ccd ...ocd     total_ct
1   1      .   1        0          2
2   .      .    0        1          1

So I want to create total_ct variable but I have some rows with all variable values missing
PROC Star
Posts: 8,150

## Re: sum function and missing value

Do you want to output the records that only have missing values?

Art, CEO, AnalystFinder.com

Super User
Posts: 13,358

## Re: sum function and missing value

leahcho wrote:
I am trying to sum all variables per each ID and create a variable for that
So the data have
ID acd bcd ccd ...ocd     total_ct
1   1      .   1        0          2
2   .      .    0        1          1

So I want to create total_ct variable but I have some rows with all variable values missing

So do want a special value for the total when all are missing? Not to output the row with a missing total? Something else?

So far there is no issue, that is what the function does. If you need a specific result for the missing then tell us.

Or use

if missing (total_ct) then total_ct = <what ever numeric value you want>. Or delve in the joys of special missing values.

☑ This topic is solved.