turn on suggestions

Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type.

Showing results for

Find a Community

- Home
- /
- SAS Programming
- /
- Base SAS Programming
- /
- pick a random value from a list for a variable, wi...

Topic Options

- RSS Feed
- Mark Topic as New
- Mark Topic as Read
- Float this Topic for Current User
- Bookmark
- Subscribe
- Printer Friendly Page

- Mark as New
- Bookmark
- Subscribe
- RSS Feed
- Permalink
- Email to a Friend
- Report Inappropriate Content

09-06-2017 12:04 PM

For the attached sample dataset, I would like to:

1) generate a variable "random_value_norepeat" which equals to a randomly selected number from the variable "value" (any number from the "value" can only be selected for one time, or put it another way, sample without replacement), and

2) generate another variable "random_value_repeat" which also equals to a randomly selected number from the variable "value", but the number from the "value" can be selected more than once (sample with replacement).

Many thanks!

- Mark as New
- Bookmark
- Subscribe
- RSS Feed
- Permalink
- Email to a Friend
- Report Inappropriate Content

Posted in reply to JacAder

09-06-2017 01:05 PM

With replacement

http://blogs.sas.com/content/iml/2014/01/29/sample-with-replacement-in-sas.html

Without replacement

Google turns up lots of examples

--

Paige Miller

Paige Miller

- Mark as New
- Bookmark
- Subscribe
- RSS Feed
- Permalink
- Email to a Friend
- Report Inappropriate Content

Posted in reply to JacAder

09-06-2017 01:10 PM

proc surveyselect does both. method=srs selects without replacement, method=urs does so with replacement.

PG

- Mark as New
- Bookmark
- Subscribe
- RSS Feed
- Permalink
- Email to a Friend
- Report Inappropriate Content

Posted in reply to JacAder

09-06-2017 01:12 PM

All the information you need is at

http://blogs.sas.com/content/iml/2016/02/15/essential-sampling-methods.html

I believe you have to generate each variable separately. It is not clear if you want all 50 observations or a subset. It is also not clear if you need the values in random order or in the original order. The easiest way is to use the SAMPLE function in SAS/IML, but since you posted to the Base SAS Community, here is a PROC-based solution to get you started:

```
libname temp "C:\Temp";
data Have;
set temp.have;
call streaminit(1);
u = rand("uniform");
run;
/* without replacement (SRS) */
proc sort data=Have out=SRS(rename=(value=random_value_norepeat));
by u;
run;
/* with replacement (URS) */
proc surveyselect noprint data=temp.Have
method=urs
seed=2
samprate=1
outhits
out=URS(rename=(value=vandom_value_repeat));
run;
/* if you want URS in random order, then generate random uniform and sort */
```