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# min, max, mean, std of values in a single observation

I have the following data set resp:

PatientID  RespRate1  RespRate2 ....  RespRate20

XYZ           16                18                       17

ACW          21                17                       21

For each row (PatientID) I want to be able to obtain the min, max, mean, and std of the first 10 respiratory rates, then the next ten respiratory rates. I wanted to do this:

data resp; set resp;

min1 = min(of RespRate1-RespRate10);

max1 = min(of RespRate1-RespRate10);

mean1 = min(of RespRate1-RespRate10);

std1 = min(of RespRate1-RespRate10);

min2 = min(of RespRate11-RespRate12);

max2 = min(of RespRate11-RespRate20);

mean2 = min(of RespRate11-RespRate20);

std2 = min(of RespRate11-RespRate20);

run;

Yet the min, max, mean, and std functions don't work unless you list out all of the variables, i.e. min1 = min(RespRate1, RespRate2, RespRate3.... RespRate10).

Any ideas on how to do this in Base SAS (I dont want to go over to IML in this instance).

Andrew A. Kramer, PhD
President
Prescient Healthcare Consulting

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Solution
‎04-19-2017 10:00 AM
Super User
Posts: 19,877

## Re: min, max, mean, std of values in a single observation

Posted in reply to DocMartin

Try using a double dash (--) not single dash.

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Solution
‎04-19-2017 10:00 AM
Super User
Posts: 19,877

## Re: min, max, mean, std of values in a single observation

Posted in reply to DocMartin

Try using a double dash (--) not single dash.

Contributor
Posts: 28

## Re: min, max, mean, std of values in a single observation

This worked! Thanks.

Andrew A. Kramer, PhD
President
Prescient Healthcare Consulting
Super User
Posts: 5,518

## Re: min, max, mean, std of values in a single observation

Posted in reply to DocMartin

There's nothing wrong with the code you are using.  Why do you say it doesn't work?  The only reason I could think of is if you have some character variables instead of numeric.  Of course, you need the numeric values populated ... missing values in the input will generate missing values in the output.

Super User
Posts: 19,877

## Re: min, max, mean, std of values in a single observation

Posted in reply to DocMartin

Note double dash only works if the variables are side by side. Other option is to declare arrays which you may want to do, if you're doing multiple calculations.

Note you have a typo in one of your ranges.

Array firstTen(*) resprate1-resprate10;

mean1 = mean( of firstTen(*));

mean2 = mean(of resprate1--resprate10);

☑ This topic is solved.

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