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how to format date IN SAS7BDAT

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Occasional Contributor
Posts: 10

how to format date IN SAS7BDAT

Hi,

 

ERROR 22-322: Syntax error, expecting one of the following: a name, _ALL_, _CHARACTER_, _CHAR_, _NUMERIC_.
 
data new;
set '/folders/myshortcuts/myfolder/aprsales.sas7bdat';
format date9.;
run;
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SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 8,868

Re: how to format date IN SAS7BDAT

Hi:

  I would expect you are getting that error message on the FORMAT statement, because the statement is incorrect. Is this what you are seeing?

bad_fmt_stmt.png

 

Typically, in a format statement, you have:

format variable formatname.; /* for numeric variables */

or

format variable $fmtname.; /* for character variables */

 

You are missing the name of the variable that you want to format in the statement.

 

cynthia

 

ps, also consider you investigate the use of the LIBNAME statement rather than the fully qualified path and operating system name of the SAS dataset...but that is just a suggestion.

Super User
Posts: 19,822

Re: how to format date IN SAS7BDAT

You should do this:

 

1. Fix your SAS UE setup - you need to create a folder called myfolders not myfolder - it's why you possibly had issues with getting it set up. Place the file in that folder. You can continue to use your current setup but it's probably easier in the long run to set it up correctly. 

2. Set up a library to the location where you save your SAS datasets. You can point directly to the file like you've done but you'll almost never seen that done anywhere. 

3. As indicated your FORMAT statement is incorrect.

 

The code snippet below may help. FYI - you do not need to format the date to filter it first to get only the dates of interest. As long as the variable IS a SAS date, so numeric with a date format (date9, yymmdd8, monyy7.) then you can filter it as desired.

 

libname myFiles '/folders/myshortcuts/myfolder/';

data new;
    set myFiles.aprsales;

    format  MY_DATE_VARIABLE date9.;

*Filter for less than Jan dates;
WHERE MY_DATE_VARIABLE <= "01Jan2016"d; run;
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