## by variables assigning new variables

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Posts: 114

# by variables assigning new variables

Grouped by ID, I would like to assign a 'rank' variable to the 'animal' variable.   The trick is the values assigned for the new 'rank' variable may vary pending on the which animal variables are included within each ID grouping.

For examples, I have the below data set.  If both "puppy" and "dog" are present within the same ID group, then dog=1 and puppy = 2 (See ID A or C).  If only dog or only puppy is present regardless of the other animals present, then the value for either dog or puppy = 1 (See ID B or D).

data want;

input      ID animal rank;

A  dog     1

A  bird     1

A  puppy  2

B  bird     1

B  puppy  1

C  dog     1

C  puppy  2

D  dog     1

D  cat      1;

run;

Thanks!

Accepted Solutions
Solution
‎05-03-2013 12:29 AM
Super User
Posts: 10,778

## Re: by variables assigning new variables

Posted in reply to sophia_SAS

OK.

```data want;
input      ID \$ animal \$;
cards;
A  dog
A  bird
A  puppy
B  bird
B  puppy
C  dog
C  puppy
D  dog
D  cat
;
run;
data want;
do until(last.id);
set want;
by id;
if animal='dog' then dog=1;
else if animal='puppy' then puppy=1;
end;
do until(last.id);
set want;
by id;
if dog and puppy then do;
if animal='puppy' then rank=2;
else rank=1;
end;
else if dog or puppy then rank=1;
output;
end;
run;

```

Ksharp

All Replies
Solution
‎05-03-2013 12:29 AM
Super User
Posts: 10,778

## Re: by variables assigning new variables

Posted in reply to sophia_SAS

OK.

```data want;
input      ID \$ animal \$;
cards;
A  dog
A  bird
A  puppy
B  bird
B  puppy
C  dog
C  puppy
D  dog
D  cat
;
run;
data want;
do until(last.id);
set want;
by id;
if animal='dog' then dog=1;
else if animal='puppy' then puppy=1;
end;
do until(last.id);
set want;
by id;
if dog and puppy then do;
if animal='puppy' then rank=2;
else rank=1;
end;
else if dog or puppy then rank=1;
output;
end;
run;

```

Ksharp

Frequent Contributor
Posts: 114

## Re: by variables assigning new variables

Thanks!  This is very helpful!

PROC Star
Posts: 8,164

## Re: by variables assigning new variables

Posted in reply to sophia_SAS

: I may have misunderstood what you are trying to achieve but, if not, I think the following (untested) change to 's code will get you what you want:

```data want;
do until(last.id);
set want;
by id;
if animal='dog' then dog=1;
else if animal='puppy' then puppy=1;
end;
do until(last.id);
set want;
by id;
if dog and puppy and animal='puppy' then rank=2;
else rank=1;
output;
end;
run;
```
Posts: 5,526

## Re: by variables assigning new variables

Posted in reply to sophia_SAS

A bit simpler...

data have;
input ID \$ animal \$;
datalines;
A dog
A bird
A puppy
B bird
B puppy
C dog
C puppy
D dog
D cat
;

data want;

do until (last.ID);

set have;

by ID;

dogPresent = dogPresent or lowcase(animal)="dog";

end;

do until (last.ID);

set have;

by ID;

rank = 1 + (lowcase(animal)="puppy" and dogPresent);

output;

end;

drop dogPresent;

run;

PG

PG
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