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Why there is only one obs per header record output to the data set instead of outputting all obs?

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Occasional Contributor
Posts: 12
Accepted Solution

Why there is only one obs per header record output to the data set instead of outputting all obs?

[ Edited ]
Data summary;
infile 'D:\SASdatafile\survey.txt' dlm=',';
input Household_ID: $10. Type $ no_of_members @;
no_of_males=0;
no_of_females=0;
no_of_employed=0;
household_income=0;
do index=1 to no_of_members;
input Household_Mem_No H_indicator$ DOB: date9. Gender $ M_Status $ E_level E_status $ M_income @;
if Gender ='M' then no_of_males +1;
else no_of_females +1;
if E_status = 'FT' or E_status = 'PT' then no_of_employed+1;
if H_indicator='Y' then Age_Householder=yrdif(dob,'30dec2008'd,'Actual');
Age_Householder=round(Age_Householder,0.5);
household_income +M_income;
end;
average_income=Household_income/no_of_members;
average_income=round(average_income,0.01);
keep Household_ID type no_of_males no_of_females no_of_employed Age_Householder average_income ;
run;

The data of survey.txt is as follows:

A123456789,A,3
1,Y,15Feb1960,M,M,3,FT,55000
2,N,3Jun1965,F,M,3,UE,0
3,N,24Jan1988,M,S,2,NA,3000
A135790234,B,1
1,Y,19Oct1944,F,D,0,NA,3000
B234523456,A,2
1,Y,30Jun1978,F,M,1,PT,4000
2,N,21May1975,M,M,2,FT,30000

Accepted Solutions
Solution
3 weeks ago
SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 300

Re: Why there is only one obs per header record output to the data set instead of outputting all obs

It will write each time you read. Try it and see if that is what you want.

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SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 300

Re: Why there is only one obs per header record output to the data set instead of outputting all obs

Not sure precisely what you are asking, but the structure of your code suggests to me that you might want an OUTPUT statement before your END statement in your DO loop.

Occasional Contributor
Posts: 12

Re: Why there is only one obs per header record output to the data set instead of outputting all obs

What will be the effect of adding an OUTPUT statement? Is it possible to output all the detail records?
Solution
3 weeks ago
SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 300

Re: Why there is only one obs per header record output to the data set instead of outputting all obs

It will write each time you read. Try it and see if that is what you want.
Occasional Contributor
Posts: 12

Re: Why there is only one obs per header record output to the data set instead of outputting all obs

It works. But can you briefly explain how the record will be changed in each iteration of the first record?thanks a lot.
SAS Super FREQ
Posts: 300

Re: Why there is only one obs per header record output to the data set instead of outputting all obs

[ Edited ]

Here is a sketch of a typical data step;

 

data ...;

infile ...;

input ...;

run;

 

Looping is implicit and there is an implicit execution of an OUTPUT before the run (one for each input obs read).

 

You did this, which is perfectly valid.

data ....;

infile ....;

do ....;

input ...;

end;

run;

 

Read many write one.  There is still one implicit output.


Since you said that something was missing, I thought you might want.

 

data ....;

infile ....;

do ....;

input ...;

output;

end;

run;

write each time you read by using an explicit OUTPUT;

Occasional Contributor
Posts: 12

Re: Why there is only one obs per header record output to the data set instead of outputting all obs

Ok it does help me a lot !!thank you
Super User
Super User
Posts: 7,060

Re: Why there is only one obs per header record output to the data set instead of outputting all obs

Why there is only one obs per header record output to the data set instead of outputting all obs?

Because you read the entire household in one pass of the data step.

Since you are only keeping household level variables why would you want it to output more than one observation per household?

 

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