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SAS Variable from Macro Date

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Occasional Contributor
Posts: 19

SAS Variable from Macro Date

Hello,

 

I have a SAS dataset which contains monthly customer information (variable examples below).

 

Customer   Date   Jan16   Feb16   Mar16   Apr16 .....................

 

For a SAS project I have to input the reporting date to be used to restrict the dataset (&mon. 01Jun2016 for example).

 

PROC SQL;

CREATE TABLE TEST AS

SELECT *

FROM HAVE 

WHERE DATE <= "&mon."d;

QUIT;

 

 

I want to use this reporting date within the where clause of a step rather then inputting manually. For example for 01Jun2016 variable I want the following step using JUN2016:

 

PROC SQL;

CREATE TABLE WANT AS

SELECT *

FROM HAVE

WHERE JUN2016 = .;

QUIT;

 

How do I turn the inputted prompt character into a variable without the need for manual intervention? I hope I have explained it clearly!

 

 

Super User
Posts: 7,809

Re: SAS Variable from Macro Date

[ Edited ]

First of all, this example illustrates the disadvantages of a wide vs. a long dataset structure. Putting data (the dates) into structure (variable names) only makes your tasks harder.

So the best solution is transposing your dataset into long format and then use the macro variable from the prompt in a where condition.

 

OTOH, you can easily use a macro variable as a variable name:

%let date=01jun2016;
%let mon=%substr(&date,3);

proc sql;
create table want as select *
from have
where &mon = .
;
quit;

 

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