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RETAIN statement

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Contributor
Posts: 35

RETAIN statement

Hi,

 

Can you please give an example or two of when a RETAIN statement is a redundancy and when it is a necessity?

Super User
Posts: 19,789

Re: RETAIN statement

Its never a redundancy, I would consider it explict versus implicit. 

 

If you use the sum statement, it includes an implicit retain, but expliclity declaring that retain isn't a redundancy in my opinion it's just an explicit declaration so the user knows ahead of time that it will be retained.

 

In all other cases other than implicit the retain statement is required if you want to retain the value across rows. 

 

I'm actually having a hard time understanding the rationale behind question, maybe you can expand on what you're looking for if it's understanding. 

If its for an answer to a test question, it's a bad question IMO. 

Respected Advisor
Posts: 4,920

Re: RETAIN statement

retain is redundant in :

 

data a;
array a a1 (0);
retain a1;
set sashelp.class end=done;
a1 = a1 + 1;
if done then put a1;
run;
PG
Super User
Posts: 5,503

Re: RETAIN statement

All variables that come from a SAS data set are automatically retained.  So RETAIN is redundant when the variable(s) named come from a SAS data set.

 

There are other cases, such as the one PGStats mentioned.

Contributor
Posts: 35

Re: RETAIN statement

Posted in reply to Astounding

Are there cases where a variable does not come from a SAS, and a RETAIN is not redundant?

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