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Proc Tabulate Custom Percent Calculation

Occasional Contributor
Posts: 14

Proc Tabulate Custom Percent Calculation



I am trying to figure out how to do custom percentage using Proc Tabulate. I have given the table below as example for only one race. I need to do this for all races. The actual data looks like this;


1FemaleNRALienTransfer without Graduation
2FemaleNRALienTransfer without Graduation
5FemaleNRALienTransfer without Graduation
6FemaleNRALienTransfer without Graduation
7FemaleNRALienTransfer without Graduation


I did a Proc Tabulate on numbers and it looks like below. The table shows for all races. 



I will use Non_resident Alien as example. The Proc Tabulate table above shows 5 female non-resident aliens who transferred. I want to know "Of the Total Female Non Resident Aliens, what percentage transferred"?. The first table shows a total of 7 Female Non Resident aliens and of them 5 transferred which makes it 71% for that cell (5/7=71%). 


Another example -there are 14 male Hispanic who graduated. I want to know - "Of all Male Hispanic Students", 14 graduated. According to my data (have not shown here), there are total of 66 Male Hispanic which makes that cell 14/66=21%


Basically I have to do this same percent calculation for all cells. 


Any help will be greatly appreciated.


Super User
Posts: 13,941

Re: Proc Tabulate Custom Percent Calculation

Given  your data example you may want to presummarize counts and calculate the rate. My reasons for this are 1) your variable grad_status is apparently character which means it can only be used as a class variable, 2) unless you use the option missing for the class variable grad_status you will have a lot of records excluded (tabulate by default excludes any record with any class variable missing) and 3) the pctn<> calculation will create columns for the "missing" grad_status.


Your explanation is also a bit incomplete. You claim "The first table shows a total of 7 Female Non Resident aliens and of them 5 transferred which makes it 71% for that cell (5/7=71%).". I do not see any indication of 7 Female Non-resident aliens.


Sometimes it makes a lot of sense to create indicator variables such a 1/0 for "Transfer without Graduation". Create a variable if the status is know with 1 for true(Transfer without Graduation) and 0 for not. Then you can use tabulate statistics to do 3 things: n => how many valid records, sum => number of true(or yes or however you think of it) and mean will give percentage as a decimal.


You might get a more targeted response providing a small data set in the form a data step to test data with. Instructions here: will show how to turn an existing SAS data set into data step code that can be pasted into a forum code box using the {i} icon or attached as text to show exactly what you have and that we can test code against.

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