## Multiple condition statements

Occasional Contributor
Posts: 7

# Multiple condition statements

Good day to everybody,

I need some help to re-write my data code.

I'm trying to compare children's weight and height with a WHO pattern, so I made the following code, but the problem is that results are not being categorizing according to my code, and I'm just getting just numbers 2 and sometimes jus full three. I'm attaching my code. I will really appreciate your help.

/*weight vs age*/

if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 and chweightd<=6.9 then pvse=1 ; else
if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 and (chweightd>6.9 or chweightd<=7.7) then pvse=2 ;
if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 and (chweightd>7.7 or chweightd<=10.8) then pvse=3 ; else
if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 and chweightd>10.8 then pvse=4 ;

if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 and chweightd<=6.3 then pvse=1 ; else
if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 and (chweightd>6.3 or chweightd<=7.0) then pvse=2 ;
if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 and (chweightd>7.0 or chweightd<=10.1) then pvse=3 ; else
if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 and chweightd>10.1 then pvse=4 ;

/*PVSE>> 1=severe low weight   2=low weight   3=normal   4=possible growth problem*/

/*weight vs height*/
if ch_sex=2 and chheightd=45 and chweightd<=1.9 then pvst=1 ;
if ch_sex=2 and chheightd=45 and (chweightd>1.9 or chweightd<=2.1) then pvst=2 ;
if ch_sex=2 and chheightd=45 and (chweightd>2.1 or chweightd<=2.7) then pvst=3 ;
if ch_sex=2 and chheightd=45 and (chweightd>2.7 or chweightd<=3.0) then pvst=4 ;
if ch_sex=2 and chheightd=45 and (chweightd>3.0 or chweightd<=3.3) then pvst=5 ;
if ch_sex=2 and chheightd=45 and chweightd>3.3 then pvst=6 ;

if ch_sex=1 and chheightd=45 and chweightd<=1.9 then pvst=1 ;
if ch_sex=1 and chheightd=45 and (chweightd>1.9 or chweightd<=2.0) then pvst=2 ;
if ch_sex=1 and chheightd=45 and (chweightd>2.0 or chweightd<=2.7) then pvst=3 ;
if ch_sex=1 and chheightd=45 and (chweightd>2.7 or chweightd<=3.0) then pvst=4 ;
if ch_sex=1 and chheightd=45 and (chweightd>3.0 or chweightd<=3.3) then pvst=5 ;
if ch_sex=1 and chheightd=45 and chweightd>3.3 then pvst=6 ;
/*PVST >> 1= severe malnourished   2=malnourished   3=normal   4=risk of overweight   5=overweight   6=obesity*/

/*height vs age*/

if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=0 and chheightd<=43.6 then tvse=1 ;
if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=0 and (chheightd>43.6 or chheightd<=45.4) then tvse=2 ;
if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=0 and (chheightd>45.4 or chheightd<=54.7) then pvse=3 ;
if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=0 and chheightd>54.7 then pvse=4 ;

if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=0 and chheightd<=44.2 then tvse=1 ;
if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=0 and (chheightd>44.2 or chheightd<=46.1) then tvse=2 ;
if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=0 and (chheightd>46.1 or chheightd<=55.6) then pvse=3 ;
if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=0 and chheightd>55.6 then pvse=4 ;
/*TVSE >> 1= severe low height  2=low height   3=normal  4=tall */

PROC Star
Posts: 1,269

## Re: Multiple condition statements

You can simplify your code by using a SELECT statement in your data step. A simple google search will do the trick

Also check out the article

https://blogs.sas.com/content/iml/2016/06/20/select-when-sas-data-step.html

Super User
Posts: 23,683

## Re: Multiple condition statements

chweightd>1.9 or chweightd<=2.1

This OR condition will almost always evaluate to true.

Super User
Posts: 6,754

## Re: Multiple condition statements

[ Edited ]

Your problems are caused by inconsistent use of the word ELSE, as well as using OR when you should use AND.  For example, note that this condition must be true every time:   (chweightd>6.9 or chweightd<=7.7)

Here is a style that will run faster and illustrates better logic:

if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 then do;

if chweightd <= 6.9 then pvse=1 ; else
if chweightd<=7.7 then pvse=2 ; else
if chweightd<=10.8 then pvse=3 ; else
pvse=4 ;

end;

else if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 then do;

if chweightd<=6.3 then pvse=1 ; else
if chweightd<=7.0 then pvse=2 ; ELSE
if chweightd<=10.1 then pvse=3 ; else
pvse=4 ;

end;

You'll need to fill in the rest.

Occasional Contributor
Posts: 7

## Re: Multiple condition statements

Dear #Astounging thanks for your help.

Althought I changed my code according to your suggestion the results are same. I tryed to re-write my previous code but this time erasing "else" and i could get some results but still some values are wrong. Some should have twos but it appears threes.

Super User
Posts: 6,754

## Re: Multiple condition statements

We'll need to see what your code looks like now ... too many possibilities to guess at.

Occasional Contributor
Posts: 7

## Re: Multiple condition statements

Dear #Astounding, thanks one more time for replying. What happens when i changed the weight vs age proc using 'then do' statement was that all results changed into twos. So, i decided to changed the code to the initial version but erasing all 'else' words, and I get reuslts. Then, I thought your suggestion could work in my "weight vs height" code but results were same..I mean twos. Then I tryied to use a different sintax as you can see, although there were values shouldn't be condidered for the analysis in the results appeared numbers five and six. I'm new in sas and I dont know how i can improve my code.

``````/*weight vs age*/
if chweightd=. then delete ;
if chheightd=. then delete ;

if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 and chweightd<=6.3 then pvse=1 ;
if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 and (chweightd>6.3 or chweightd<=7.0) then pvse=2 ;
if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 and (chweightd>7.0 or chweightd<=10.1) then pvse=3 ;
if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 and chweightd>10.1 then pvse=4 ;

if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=13 and chweightd<=6.4 then pvse=1 ;
if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=13 and (chweightd>6.4 or chweightd<=7.2) then pvse=2 ;
if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=13 and (chweightd>7.2 or chweightd<=10.4) then pvse=3 ;
if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=13 and chweightd>10.4 then pvse=4 ;

if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 and chweightd<=6.9 then pvse=1 ;
if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 and (chweightd>6.9 or chweightd<=7.7) then pvse=2 ;
if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 and (chweightd>7.7 or chweightd<=10.8) then pvse=3 ;
if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 and chweightd>10.8 then pvse=4 ;

if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=13 and chweightd<=7.1 then pvse=1 ;
if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=13 and (chweightd>7.1 or chweightd<=7.9) then pvse=2 ;
if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=13 and (chweightd>7.9 or chweightd<=11.0) then pvse=3 ;
if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=13 and chweightd>11.0 then pvse=4 ; /*1=severe underweight   2=underweight   3=normal   4=possible growth problem*//*value series is divided by sex and completed until 60 months*/
/*weight vs height/lenght*/
if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>69.5 or chheightd<=70) and chweightd<=6.3) then pvst=1 ;
if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>69.5 or chheightd<=70)  and (chweightd>6.3 or chweightd<=6.9)) then pvst=2 ;
if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>69.5 or chheightd<=70)  and (chweightd>6.9 or chweightd<=9.0)) then pvst=3 ;
if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>69.5 or chheightd<=70)  and (chweightd>9.0 or chweightd<=9.9)) then pvst=4 ;
if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>69.5 or chheightd<=70)  and (chweightd>9.9 or chweightd<=10.9)) then pvst=5 ;
if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>69.5 or chheightd<=70)  and chweightd>10.9) then pvst=6 ;

if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>70 or chheightd<=70.5) and chweightd<=6.4) then pvst=1 ;
if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>70 or chheightd<=70.5) and (chweightd>6.4 or chweightd<=6.9)) then pvst=2 ;
if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>70 or chheightd<=70.5) and (chweightd>6.9 or chweightd<=9.1)) then pvst=3 ;
if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>70 or chheightd<=70.5) and (chweightd>9.1 or chweightd<=10.0)) then pvst=4 ;
if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>70 or chheightd<=70.5) and (chweightd>10.0 or chweightd<=11.0)) then pvst=5 ;
if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>70 or chheightd<=70.5) and chweightd>11.0) then pvst=6 ;
if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>70.5 or chheightd<=71) and chweightd<=6.5) then pvst=1 ; if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>70.5 or chheightd<=71) and (chweightd>6.5 or chweightd<=7.0)) then pvst=2 ;if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>70.5 or chheightd<=71) and (chweightd>7.0 or chweightd<=9.2)) then pvst=3 ; if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>70.5 or chheightd<=71) and (chweightd>9.2 or chweightd<=10.1)) then pvst=4 ; if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>70.5 or chheightd<=71) and (chweightd>10.1 or chweightd<=11.1)) then pvst=5 ;  if (ch_sex=2 and (chheightd>70.5 or chheightd<=71) and chweightd>11.1) then pvst=6 ; /*1= severe wasted   2=wasted   3=normal   4=risk of overweight   5=overweight   6=obesity*//*height vs age*/if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 and chheightd<=43.6 then tvse=1 ; if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 and (chheightd>43.6 or chheightd<=45.4) then tvse=2 ; if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 and (chheightd>45.4 or chheightd<=54.7) then pvse=3 ;if ch_sex=2 and ch_age_months=12 and chheightd>54.7 then pvse=4 ;if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 and chheightd<=44.2 then tvse=1 ; if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 and (chheightd>44.2 or chheightd<=46.1) then tvse=2 ; if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 and (chheightd>46.1 or chheightd<=55.6) then pvse=3 ;if ch_sex=1 and ch_age_months=12 and chheightd>55.6 then pvse=4 ;/*1= severely stunted  2=stunted   3=normal  4=tall */``````

Super User
Posts: 6,754

## Re: Multiple condition statements

Sorry, don't think I can help here.  This version of the code doesn't reflect any of the suggestions that I made previously.  Best of luck.

Super User
Posts: 8,073

## Re: Multiple condition statements

[ Edited ]

Also what do you want to do with missing values for the weight?  With your current code

``````ch_sex=1
ch_age_months=12
chweightd=.
``````

will get codes as pvse=1 since missing values are less than any real number.

Occasional Contributor
Posts: 7

## Re: Multiple condition statements

I am analyzing children's weight and height comparing them with WHO's pattern, to know their nutritional status.

So, I do really need that information. I'm deleting all missing values

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