## Loop in Macro

Occasional Contributor
Posts: 6

# Loop in Macro

Hi SAS Experts -

I have a macro that calculates acceptable range of a variable. An acceptable range is defined by :

Lower Limit = Q1 - 1.5*(Q3-Q1)

Upper Limit = Q3 + 1.5*(Q3-Q1)

It's a boxplot method of calculating outliers. The macro is working fine. But it is inefficient in terms of its processing as it calculates outliers for each variable in a loop and then capping values. I want proc univariate to be run for all the variables (not in loop) and save output in a dataset and then capping for variables using IF THEN at one time only.

Code : -

options mprint symbolgen;

%macro outliers(input=, vars=, output= );

data &output;

set &input;

run;

%let n=%sysfunc(countw(&vars));

%do i= 1 %to &n;

%let val = %scan(&vars,&i);

/* Calculate the quartiles and inter-quartile range using proc univariate */

proc univariate data=&output noprint;

var &val;

output out=temp QRANGE= IQR Q1= First_Qtl Q3= Third_Qtl;

run;

/* Extract the upper and lower limits into macro variables */

data _null_;

set temp;

call symput('QR', IQR);

call symput('Q1', First_Qtl);

call symput('Q3', Third_Qtl);

run;

%let ULimit=%sysevalf(&Q3 + 1.5 * &QR);

%let LLimit=%sysevalf(&Q1 - 1.5 * &QR);

/* Final dataset excluding outliers*/

data &output;

set &output;

if &val < &Llimit then &val = &Llimit;

if &val > &Ulimit then &val = &Ulimit;

run;

%end;

%mend;

%outliers(Input=abcd, Vars = a, output= test);

o

Thanks in anticipation!

Contributor
Posts: 24

## Re: Loop in Macro

Hi.

I guest you are looking for something like this:

``````%macro outliers(input=, vars=, output= );%let nvars=%sysfunc(countw(&vars));
%do i= 1 %to &nvars;
%let val = %scan(&vars,&i);
/* Calculate the quartiles and inter-quartile range using proc univariate */
proc univariate data=&input noprint;
var &vars;
* get qr, q1, q3 for each vars;
output out=&output QRANGE= %do j=1 %to &nvars; IQR_&j %end;
Q1= %do j=1 %to &nvars; First_Qtl_&j %end;
Q3= %do j=1 %to &nvars; Third_Qtl_&j %end;
;
run;
/* Extract the upper and lower limits into macro variables */
data _null_;
set &output;
* get lower/upper limits for each vars;
%do j=1 %to &nvars;
call symput("Llimit_&j",put(First_Qtl_&j+1.5*IQR_&j,best.));
call symput("Ulimit_&j",put(Third_Qtl_&j+1.5*IQR_&j,best.));
%end;
run;
/* Final dataset excluding outliers*/
data &output;
set &input;
* adjust limits for each vars;
%do j=1 %to &nvars;
%let var=%scan(&vars,&j,%str( ));
%put Var=&var Llimit=&&Llimit_&j Ulimit=&&Ulimit_&j;
if &var < &&Llimit_&j then &var = &&Llimit_&j;
if &var > &&Ulimit_&j then &var = &&Ulimit_&j;
%end;
run;
%end;* get rid of temporaries;proc datasets lib=work nolist;delete _:;quit;
%mend;
%outliers(Input=abcd, Vars = a b, output= test);``````

Hope it helps.

Daniel Santos @ www.cgd.pt

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