How to change Months into Quarters

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Occasional Contributor
Posts: 5

How to change Months into Quarters

Hi all, I have series of months numbers and I want to change it into quarters number, but I don't have the data in date format so I can't use quarter() statement.

Like following: what I want is the Quarters column

 Months Quarters 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 2 4 2 5 2 6 3 7 3 8 3 9 4 10 4 11 4 12 1 13 1 14 1 15 2 16 2 17 2 18 3 19 3 20 3

Thanks so much

Accepted Solutions
Solution
‎09-18-2017 04:58 PM
Frequent Contributor
Posts: 116

Re: How to change Months into Quarters

``````/*
Try this one.
#1. Build lookup table
*/

data HAVE;
do months= 0 to 71;
output;
end;
run;

/*#2 define quater */

data WANT;
set HAVE;
TAG+1;
if TAG=13 then TAG=1;
else if 4<=TAG <=6 then QUARTERS=2;
else if 7<=TAG <=9 then QUARTERS=3;
else if 10<=TAG <=12 then QUARTERS=4;

retain TAG;
run;

/*
#3 I intentionally left the variable TAG for you to see that no matter what the value of MONTHS tag will be
between 1 and 12

data set WANT may serve as your lookup table and you can use it to merge or join with other
tables whenever you need to derive the quarter

Here's how:
*/

data ACTUAL;
input months 8.;
cards;
8
4
12
17
55
1
3
7
;
run;
proc sql;
create table actual_with_qtr as
select a.*, b.quarters from ACTUAL a left join WANT b
on a.months=b.months;
quit;

/*Hope this helps*/``````

All Replies
Posts: 3,066

Re: How to change Months into Quarters

UNTESTED CODE

`quarters=floor(mod(months,12)/3)+1;`
--
Paige Miller
PROC Star
Posts: 1,845

Re: How to change Months into Quarters

[ Edited ]

@Linmuxi  if i understood you-

data have(drop=Quarters);

input Months    Quarters;

datalines;

0    1

1    1

2    1

3    2

4    2

5    2

6    3

7    3

8    3

9    4

10   4

11   4

12   1

13   1

14   1

15   2

16   2

17   2

18   3

19   3

20   3

;

data want;

do _n_=1 by 1 until(_n_=12);

set have end=last;

if _n_=1 then quarters=1;

output;

if mod(_n_,3)=0 then quarters+1;

end;

run;

Contributor
Posts: 47

Re: How to change Months into Quarters

hi linmuxi

In this case uou could use the QTR function by translating the month to a date by using the MDY funtion with constants as values for day and year. Any year and any day (less than 29) will give the same result:

230 data _null_;
231 do months = 1 to 12;
232 quarters = qtr(mdy(months,1,2017));
233 put months= quarters=;
234 end;
235 run;

months=1 quarters=1
months=2 quarters=1
months=3 quarters=1
months=4 quarters=2
months=5 quarters=2
months=6 quarters=2
months=7 quarters=3
months=8 quarters=3
months=9 quarters=3
months=10 quarters=4
months=11 quarters=4
months=12 quarters=4

Posts: 3,066

Re: How to change Months into Quarters

ErikLund_Jensen wrote:

hi linmuxi

In this case uou could use the QTR function by translating the month to a date by using the MDY funtion with constants as values for day and year. Any year and any day (less than 29) will give the same result:

230 data _null_;
231 do months = 1 to 12;
232 quarters = qtr(mdy(months,1,2017));
233 put months= quarters=;
234 end;
235 run;

months=1 quarters=1
months=2 quarters=1
months=3 quarters=1
months=4 quarters=2
months=5 quarters=2
months=6 quarters=2
months=7 quarters=3
months=8 quarters=3
months=9 quarters=3
months=10 quarters=4
months=11 quarters=4
months=12 quarters=4

But the original request had months up to 20; and furthermore month 0 is in quarter 1, month 3 is in quarter 2, month 12 is in quarter 1, etc. Your answer doesn't handle this.

--
Paige Miller
Solution
‎09-18-2017 04:58 PM
Frequent Contributor
Posts: 116

Re: How to change Months into Quarters

``````/*
Try this one.
#1. Build lookup table
*/

data HAVE;
do months= 0 to 71;
output;
end;
run;

/*#2 define quater */

data WANT;
set HAVE;
TAG+1;
if TAG=13 then TAG=1;
else if 4<=TAG <=6 then QUARTERS=2;
else if 7<=TAG <=9 then QUARTERS=3;
else if 10<=TAG <=12 then QUARTERS=4;

retain TAG;
run;

/*
#3 I intentionally left the variable TAG for you to see that no matter what the value of MONTHS tag will be
between 1 and 12

data set WANT may serve as your lookup table and you can use it to merge or join with other
tables whenever you need to derive the quarter

Here's how:
*/

data ACTUAL;
input months 8.;
cards;
8
4
12
17
55
1
3
7
;
run;
proc sql;
create table actual_with_qtr as
select a.*, b.quarters from ACTUAL a left join WANT b
on a.months=b.months;
quit;

/*Hope this helps*/``````
☑ This topic is solved.