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Posts: 30

# Help with File using Data & Simple Steps

Hi Everyone,

I am a new student, new to SAS, and new to SAS community. I am hoping that you guys will be able to help me with my data problem. I have companies information that I need help with. Here is a sample of the data:

CoIDYearProfitR&DEx
1231998-10015

123

1999-10010
123200015015
123200120020
45619995010
456200010.
4562001-2515
7891999150.
7892000-100.
789200150.
7892002100.

In this table, the first variable "CoID" is company id which is a character in SAS and I want to keep it that way. The second column is the year, which is in number format. The third column is the profit (which can be negative) and the fourth column is Research and Development Expense.

What I want to do with the data is following things:

1) Create a variable called "R&DExAvg" which is the average of the R&D Expense for each company.

2) Create a variable called "R&DMwAvg" which will be filled the missing value of R&D Expense with the average of that variable with respect to that company. If every R&D Expense value is missing, then keep that variable missing as well. If R&D Expense value is filled, then keep that variable same as R&DEx.

3) Create a variable called "Lossin2K" which will be filled with 1 for every value of that company if the profit was below zero during the year 2000 otherwise it will be 0.

4) Create a variable called "Lossporin2K2" which will be filled with 1 for every value of that company if the profit was below zero two years in a row or more during the year 2000 or before otherwise it will be 0.

This is what I need to have after the above mentioned programming done:

CoIDYearProfitR&DExR&DExAvgR&DMwAvgLossin2KLossporin2K2
1231998-10015151501

123

1999-10010151001
123200015015151501
123200120020152001
4561999501012.51000
456200010.12.512.500
4562001-251512.51500
7891999150...10
7892000-100...10
789200150...10
7892002100...10

I know it is lot to ask but please help me out. I would appreciate if you can help me out with separate data statement for each variable and keeping it simple (please no macro!).

Once again thanks,

The Rock

Accepted Solutions
Solution
‎07-25-2015 08:51 AM
Super User
Posts: 10,787

## Re: Help with File using Data & Simple Steps

"if the profit was below zero two years in a row or more during the year 2000 "

You mean year less than and equal 2000 ?

### Code: Program

`data have;   length coid \$4 year  profit  rndex 8;   input coid year profit rndex;datalines;123 1998 -100 15123 1999 -100 10123 2000 150 15123 2001 200 20456 1999 50 10456 2000 10 .456 2001 -25 15789 1999 150 .789 2000 -100 .789 2001 50 .789 2002 100 .;run;proc sql;create table want as  select *,mean(rndex) as rndex_avg,   coalesce(rndex,calculated rndex_avg) as rndex_Mwavg,   case    when (select profit from have where coid=a.coid and year=2000) lt 0 then 1   else 0   end as Lossin2K,   case    when (select count(*) from have where coid=a.coid and year le 2000 and profit lt 0) gt 1 then 1   else 0   end as Lossporin2K2   from have as a   group by coid ;quit;`

All Replies
Frequent Contributor
Posts: 78

## Re: Help with File using Data & Simple Steps

Hi,

This is not the whole answer but it will get you started.

data co1;

length coid \$4 year  profit  rndex 8;

input coid year profit rndex;

datalines;

123 1998 -100 15

123

1999 -100 10

123 2000 150 15

123 2001 200 20

456 1999 50 10

456 2000 10 .

456 2001 -25 15

789 1999 150 .

789 2000 -100 .

789 2001 50 .

789 2002 100 .

;

run;

proc sql;

create table co2 as

select *, mean(rndex) as rndexavg

from co1

group by coid;

quit;

You can't use an ampersand in a SAS variable name.

Solution
‎07-25-2015 08:51 AM
Super User
Posts: 10,787

## Re: Help with File using Data & Simple Steps

"if the profit was below zero two years in a row or more during the year 2000 "

You mean year less than and equal 2000 ?

### Code: Program

`data have;   length coid \$4 year  profit  rndex 8;   input coid year profit rndex;datalines;123 1998 -100 15123 1999 -100 10123 2000 150 15123 2001 200 20456 1999 50 10456 2000 10 .456 2001 -25 15789 1999 150 .789 2000 -100 .789 2001 50 .789 2002 100 .;run;proc sql;create table want as  select *,mean(rndex) as rndex_avg,   coalesce(rndex,calculated rndex_avg) as rndex_Mwavg,   case    when (select profit from have where coid=a.coid and year=2000) lt 0 then 1   else 0   end as Lossin2K,   case    when (select count(*) from have where coid=a.coid and year le 2000 and profit lt 0) gt 1 then 1   else 0   end as Lossporin2K2   from have as a   group by coid ;quit;`
Contributor
Posts: 30

## Re: Help with File using Data & Simple Steps

Yes I mean less than or equal to.

Thank you so much for the help. It worked perfectly.

I have never used proc SQL before and I need to learn about it. Do you have any guidance on where to start?

Once again, Thank you!!!

Super User
Posts: 10,787

## Re: Help with File using Data & Simple Steps

SAS documentation about SQL is a good start . Search it at support.sas.com

SAS Employee
Posts: 4

Contributor
Posts: 30

## Re: Help with File using Data & Simple Steps

Thanks to both Xia Keshan and EM@sas on info about the SAS SQL documentation.

🔒 This topic is solved and locked.

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