New Contributor
Posts: 3

# Converting Ethiopian dates to SAS dates and then back to Ethiopian dates

I'd like to find code that takes Ethiopian dates dd/mm/yyyy and converts them into Gregorian dates, any format is fine.

I then need to add a number of days to the Gregorian date and then convert that new date back to a new Ethiopian date.

While this might sound easy, it's not because the Ethiopian calendar has 12 months of 30 days and a 13th month of 5 or 6

days depending on where leap year falls. Does anyone have experience with this?

Super User
Posts: 23,296

## Re: Converting Ethiopian dates to SAS dates and then back to Ethiopian dates

Are the years the same?

If so, take your Ethiopian date and do some math to get the number of days in the year,

Assume: dd/mm/yy

So if you have 05/04/2018

This is the same as 5+4*30 = 125 days in 2018

Then convert that to a SAS date using:

SAS_DATE = intnx('day', '01Jan2018'd, 125);

If you need further assistance, please post some sample data and the expected output so we can test it. Please post data as text.

@mnflower wrote:

I'd like to find code that takes Ethiopian dates dd/mm/yyyy and converts them into Gregorian dates, any format is fine.

I then need to add a number of days to the Gregorian date and then convert that new date back to a new Ethiopian date.

While this might sound easy, it's not because the Ethiopian calendar has 12 months of 30 days and a 13th month of 5 or 6

days depending on where leap year falls. Does anyone have experience with this?

Super User
Posts: 9,890

## Re: Converting Ethiopian dates to SAS dates and then back to Ethiopian dates

@Reeza, I think it's more complicated than that. Ethiopia has a very peculiar calendar: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_calendar

The year starts at September 11 (Gregorian) in the current era (between 1900 and 2100)

For a successful conversion, we need to accomodate that and the different count in years.

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Super User
Posts: 23,296

## Re: Converting Ethiopian dates to SAS dates and then back to Ethiopian dates

Wouldn't it still be the same math, but then subtract the number of days to Sept 11?

New Contributor
Posts: 3

## Re: Converting Ethiopian dates to SAS dates and then back to Ethiopian dates

Thank you for the replies. This is the first time I've posted anything and I'm impressed with the

willingness to help. I've chased down several rabbit holes and your responses reinforce how

complicated a mathematical approach to this problem would be for someone like me who is not

very skilled in this area. I changed by approach. My project only needs 10 years worth of Ethiopian

dates with matching Gregorian dates. I created a table using an online date converter (one date

at a time) of where Ethiopian leap years fell and Gregorian leap years fell. Then I started with the

first Ethiopian date of our data collection period and found the matching Gregorian date. Then I

created one year's worth of corresponding dates. I use a very flexible editor so this took me about

and hour. I allowed for 12 months of 30 days and 1 month of 5 days (6 if leap year) for the Ethiopian

side and the regular Gregorian months with their unique number of days for the Gregorian side. As

I built each additional year, I watched for leap years on both sides. The whole process took me about

5 hours including checking. I created several thousand records in a text file of two variables, an Ethiopian

date and a Gregorian date. I have that data available as a SAS data file that I can sort depending on

which date I need to match. This allows me to have the Ethiopian date AND the Gregorian date

defined as a SAS date in my code. I can add the number of days I want to the Gregorian date and

then look up the Ethiopian date that matches the Gregorian date. While I know this is not a very

elegant solution, it's working for me.

PROC Star
Posts: 2,318

## Re: Converting Ethiopian dates to SAS dates and then back to Ethiopian dates

Well done!

If you want, you can now create formats using your values to ease the conversion process back and forth.

PROC Star
Posts: 2,318

## Re: Converting Ethiopian dates to SAS dates and then back to Ethiopian dates

[ Edited ]

This aroused my curiosity.

Here is a program that should create the correct Ethiopian date fields and the corresponding Gregorian date.

[Edited: Gregorian, not Julian obviously. Brain fade... Sigh... ]

``````
data CAL;
DAY=0; MONTH=1; YEAR=1990;
format GREGORIAN date9.;
do GREGORIAN='11sep1997'd  to '12dec2028'd;
DAY+1;
%* new month ;
if DAY=31 then do;
DAY=1;
MONTH+1;
end;
%* new year ;
else if DAY=6 and MONTH=13 and mod(YEAR-1987,4) then do;
DAY=1;
MONTH=1;
YEAR+1;
end;
%* new leap year;
else if DAY=7 and MONTH=13 then do;
DAY=1;
MONTH=1;
YEAR+1;
end;
output;
end;
run;

``````

 DAY MONTH YEAR GREGORIAN 23 7 2010 01Apr2018 24 7 2010 02Apr2018 25 7 2010 03Apr2018 26 7 2010 04Apr2018

PROC Star
Posts: 8,149

## Re: Converting Ethiopian dates to SAS dates and then back to Ethiopian dates

This may or may not be overkill but, combined with the code you've already been provided, here is a way to formalize those dates:

http://www.sascommunity.org/wiki/Sometimes_One_Needs_an_Option_with_Unusual_Dates

It's a paper that a group of us wrote, a couple of years ago, to make it easier to adapt any type of date within SAS.

Art, CEO, AnalystFinder.com

PROC Star
Posts: 2,318

## Re: Converting Ethiopian dates to SAS dates and then back to Ethiopian dates

@art297 sascommunity.org will be missed.

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