## Combine observation from one dataset

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Occasional Contributor
Posts: 9

# Combine observation from one dataset

Hi  ,

Anyone pls help me ..I want to take the non missing value by ID variable .

Below is the sample code

Input :

Obs No  Low   High   ID

1    198        .         .     18
2     .            3        .     18
3     .            .         5    18

Desired Output:

Obs  No Low High ID

1       198  3   5      18

Accepted Solutions
Solution
‎02-14-2017 08:50 AM
Super User
Posts: 8,218

## Re: Combine observation from one dataset

Like @RW9 I think the datastep update statement would be the easiest solution. Here is an example based on the data you provided:

```data have ;
input Obs No  Low   High   ID;
cards;
1    198        .         .     18
2     .            3        .     18
3     .            .         5    18
;

data want ;
update have (obs=0 keep=id)
have;
by id;
run;
```

HTH,

Art, CEO, AnalystFinder.com

All Replies
Contributor
Posts: 47

## Re: Combine observation from one dataset

Hi

I think this will solve your problem:

proc sql;
create table want as
select distinct
max(No) as No,
max(Low) as Low,
max(High) as High,
ID
from have
group by ID;
quit;

Super User
Posts: 9,840

## Re: Combine observation from one dataset

There are many topics here on this, am not typing that test data out so no code, but here is an example post:

https://communities.sas.com/t5/Base-SAS-Programming/Data-Step-Update-Statement/m-p/266809/highlight/...

You can use the update in a datastep.  If you want code post test data in the form of a datastep.

You could also just merge the three together.  However if you data is really just those three observations - without any kind of obs id variables (i.e. there is no ovariable which identifies those 3 records as being together), then how do you know to do that?   I.e. if you data looked like:

Obs No  Low   High   ID

1    198        .         .     18
2     .            3        .     18
3     .            .         5    18

4    199        .         .     18
5     .            5        .     18
6     .            .         5    18

How do you know that low=5 belongs to 199 and not 198?

Contributor
Posts: 47

## Re: Combine observation from one dataset

@RW9

Given the data example in the original post, I expected the ID to be the observarion identifier, and in that case the problem you mention will not occur.

But if there are several observations with 3 records for the same ID, the observation is held together only by the 3 records being in sequence in the data set, and we cannot sort data without losing that information. That rules out the SQL approach, but we can get the desired result with a data step, if we expect data to contain observations in 3 records with the Number-variable being the first .

data have;

No=198; Low=.; High=.; ID=18; output;

No=.; Low=3; High=.; ID=18; output;

No=.; Low=.; High=5; ID=18; output;

No=199; Low=.; High=.; ID=18; output;

No=.; Low=5; High=5; ID=18; output;

No=.; Low=.; High=.; ID=18; output;

No=158; Low=.; High=.; ID=11; output;

No=.; Low=3; High=.; ID=11; output;

No=.; Low=.; High=5; ID=11; output;

No=159; Low=.; High=.; ID=11; output;

No=.; Low=5; High=5; ID=11; output;

No=.; Low=.; High=.; ID=11; output;

run;

data want(drop=xNo xLow xHigh xID);

set have(rename=(No=xNo Low=xLow High=xHigh ID=xID)) end=eof;

retain No Low High ID;

if xNo ne . and No ne . then output;

if xNo ne . then do;

No = xNo;

ID = xID;

end;

if xLow ne . then Low = xLow;

if xHigh ne . then High = xHigh;

if eof then output;

run;

Super User
Posts: 9,840

## Re: Combine observation from one dataset

Do you know what, I didn't even see ID as a variable there!  Dataset update whould be able to do this fine.

Super Contributor
Posts: 474

## Re: Combine observation from one dataset

[ Edited ]

Hi.

Seems you are looking for a group by transformation.

Here's another way of doing this by using the corresponding procedure:

``````proc summary data=HAVE nway missing;
class ID;
var NO LOW HIGH;
output out=WANT (drop = _:) max=;
run;``````

Hope it helps

Daniel Santos @ www.cgd.pt

Solution
‎02-14-2017 08:50 AM
Super User
Posts: 8,218

## Re: Combine observation from one dataset

Like @RW9 I think the datastep update statement would be the easiest solution. Here is an example based on the data you provided:

```data have ;
input Obs No  Low   High   ID;
cards;
1    198        .         .     18
2     .            3        .     18
3     .            .         5    18
;

data want ;
update have (obs=0 keep=id)
have;
by id;
run;
```

HTH,

Art, CEO, AnalystFinder.com

☑ This topic is solved.