## COMB or contains funtions

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Regular Contributor
Posts: 180

# COMB or contains funtions

[ Edited ]

Hi!  I have a variable  with 30+ sequences that I need to now put into 3 categories.   If the variable contains  >=4  of a 0 or 1 they are assigned value A and B respecitvely.  All others=C.  THe sequence combination is not relevant, just the number of a certain digit in the value.  I'm not sure which function i should use here. Help is appreciated!

Example of data&colon;

data want;

set have;

datalines;

00000  * would be new_Value 'A';

00001  * would be new_Value 'A';

00010  * would be new_Value 'A';

00011  * would be new_Value 'C';

00100  * would be new_Value 'A';

01000  * would be new_Value 'A';

01100  * would be new_Value 'C';

11000  * would be new_Value 'C';

10111  * would be new_Value 'B;

11110  * would be new_Value 'B';

11111  * would be new_Value 'B';

;

Accepted Solutions
Solution
‎04-11-2016 05:29 PM
Posts: 1,270

## Re: COMB or contains funtions

data have;

input seq \$;
datalines;
00000
00001
00010
00011
00100
01000
01100
11000
10111
11110
11111
;

data want;
set have;
count_zero=0;
count_one=0;
category='C';
do i=1 to length(seq);
if substr(seq,i,1)='0' then count_zero+1;
if substr(seq,i,1)='1' then count_one+1;
end;
if count_zero>=4 then category='A';
if count_one>=4 then category='B';
run;

All Replies
Super User
Posts: 22,823

## Re: COMB or contains funtions

Read each 0/1 into its own variable, then use the sum function. If the sum> X then assign A/B, otherwise C.

Super User
Posts: 5,824

## Re: COMB or contains funtions

Countc()
Data never sleeps
Solution
‎04-11-2016 05:29 PM
Posts: 1,270

## Re: COMB or contains funtions

data have;

input seq \$;
datalines;
00000
00001
00010
00011
00100
01000
01100
11000
10111
11110
11111
;

data want;
set have;
count_zero=0;
count_one=0;
category='C';
do i=1 to length(seq);
if substr(seq,i,1)='0' then count_zero+1;
if substr(seq,i,1)='1' then count_one+1;
end;
if count_zero>=4 then category='A';
if count_one>=4 then category='B';
run;

Super User
Posts: 13,008

## Re: COMB or contains funtions

And just to go around the bend a bit, here is solution using a format. The data step builds a set to build the format.

``````
data junk;
length start label \$ 5;
FMTNAME = 'MYCATEGORIES';
type='C';
do a=0,1;
do b=0,1;
do c=0,1;
do d=0,1;
do e=0,1;
start=cats(a,b,c,d,e);
sum=sum(a,b,c,d,e);
select (sum);
when (0,1) Label='A';
when (4,5) Label='B';
otherwise Label='C';
end;
output;
end;
end;
end;
end;
end;
run;

proc format LIBRARY=work cntlin=junk;run;``````

The you could possibly use the format instead of creating a new variable:

Proc freq data=have;

Tables myvar;

Format myvar \$mycategories. ;

run;

Or if you really want a variable

Newvar = put(myvar, \$mycategories.);

This wouldn't be the easiest solution BUT does have the potential of allowing an "other" clause added to the junk data set to address things like the value being '0100'. What if the variable doesn't have all 5 columns? What do you want to assign? Or possibly even more interesting a value of '01 00'? You could add one line to the junk dataset that would handle values that were too short, had other than 0 adn 1 characters and potentially too long by having a formatted value of blank or 'Z' or something else.

Super User
Posts: 22,823

## Re: COMB or contains funtions

[ Edited ]

Loop through is definitely not the most efficient...

Here's the COUNTC example:

``````data want;
set have;
N1=countc(seq, '1');
N0=countc(seq, '0');

if N0 >= 4 then cat='A';
else if N0 >= 4 then cat='B';
else cat='C';
run;
``````

Super Contributor
Posts: 455

## Re: COMB or contains funtions

Just a small typo:

``else if N1 >= 4 then cat='B';` `

☑ This topic is solved.