DATA Step, Macro, Functions and more

Base SAS

Accepted Solution Solved
Reply
Contributor
Posts: 70
Accepted Solution

Base SAS

Hello

 

The below code will mark each zero across the variables V1 to V10 (Column) as missing value (.dot)

 

data credit;
set file;
array x(*) V1 -- V10;
do i=1 to dim(x);
if x(i)=0 then x(i)=.;
end;
run;

 

Let's say in regression analysis while creating dummy variables, X variable has 7 categories and I would like to create dummy variables for those 7 categories. 

 

How can I write codes using array or macros to create dummy variables, Is it possible?

 

Need help.


Accepted Solutions
Solution
‎01-24-2016 03:24 AM
Super User
Super User
Posts: 7,039

Re: Base SAS

Posted in reply to KafeelBasha

You could also use an ARRAY to help with making dummy variables.  So if X has 7 values (1 to 7) then this code will make variables DUMMY1 to DUMMY7 with 0/1 values.

 

data want ;
  set have ;
  array dummy (7);
  do i=1 to dim(dummy);
     dummy(i)=(x=i);
  end;
run;

Note that if X is not simply the values 1 to 7 then it is a little harder.  You should look at the GLMMOD procedure as a way to generate dummy variables.

 

View solution in original post


All Replies
Solution
‎01-24-2016 03:24 AM
Super User
Super User
Posts: 7,039

Re: Base SAS

Posted in reply to KafeelBasha

You could also use an ARRAY to help with making dummy variables.  So if X has 7 values (1 to 7) then this code will make variables DUMMY1 to DUMMY7 with 0/1 values.

 

data want ;
  set have ;
  array dummy (7);
  do i=1 to dim(dummy);
     dummy(i)=(x=i);
  end;
run;

Note that if X is not simply the values 1 to 7 then it is a little harder.  You should look at the GLMMOD procedure as a way to generate dummy variables.

 

Super User
Posts: 5,498

Re: Base SAS

Posted in reply to KafeelBasha

Assuming X is numeric, you don't need to know the number of values ahead of time.  Here is the idea:

 

proc sql noprint;

select distinct X into : list_of_x separated by ' ' from have;

quit;

data want;

set have;

%do i=1 %to &sqlobs;

   dummy&i = (x=%scan(&list_of_x, &i));

%end;

run;

 

Of course, you will need to define a macro to hold the logic, because of the %DO loop.

 

Good luck.

Super User
Posts: 19,770

Re: Base SAS

Posted in reply to KafeelBasha
Also, depending on the Proc SAS may calculate the dummy variables for you. The CLASS statement is the common method, make sure to understand which method of dummy variable is being used if you do use the Class statement. The default is GLM coding rather than reference coding.
☑ This topic is solved.

Need further help from the community? Please ask a new question.

Discussion stats
  • 3 replies
  • 266 views
  • 3 likes
  • 4 in conversation